Oscar za režiju

Izvor: Wikipedia
Oscar za režiju
Dodjeljuje se za najbolju režiju
Dodjeljuje Akademija filmskih umjetnosti i nauka
Zemlja  SAD
Prvo dodjeljivanje 1929. (za filmove izdane u sezoni 1927/1928)
Aktualni dobitnik Alejandro González Iñárritu, Birdman (2014)
Službene stranice oscars.org

Oscar za režiju (engl. Academy Award for Directing) je nagrada koju dodeljuje Academy of Motion Piture Arts and Sciences najboljem režiseru, odnosno najboljoj režiserki u protekloj godini. Akademija bira jedog režisera, odnosno jednu režiserku od petoro nominovanih.

Iako se smatra da se ova nagrada dodeljuje najboljim režiserima i režiserkama, nekoliko veoma cenjenih nikada je nisu dobili: Robert Altman (5 nominacija), Ingmar Bergman (3 nominacije), John Cassavetes (1 nominacija), Charles Chaplin (1 nominacija), Federico Fellini (4 nominacije), Howard Howks (1 nominacija), Alfred Hitchcock (5 nominacija), Stanley Kramer (3 nominacije), Stanley Kubrick (4 nominacije), Akira Kurosawa (1 nominacija), Sergio Leone (nijedna nominacija), Ernst Lubitsch (3 nominacije), Sidney Lumet (4 nominacije), David Lynch (3 nominacije), Terence Malick (1 nominacija), Arthur Penn (3 nominacije), Ridley Scott (3 nominacije), King Vidor (5 nominacija), Peter Weir (4 nominacije), George Lucas (2 nominacije) i Orson Welles (1 nominacija).

Nijedna režiserka nikada nije nagrađena nagradom za najbolju režiju, a samo tri su nominovane do sada (Jane Campion, Sofia Coppola i Lina Wertmüller).

Do sada najviše puta nagrađivani režiser je John Ford (4 puta), a zatim Frank Capra i William Wyler, koji dele po tri. Wyler sa 12 nominacija je najviše puta nominovani režiser. Najviše puta nominovani režiser bez ijednom osvojene nagrade je Clarence Brown.

1920-e[uredi - уреди]

Prve godine ova nagrada je dodeljena odvojeno za Najbolju režiju drame i Najbolju režiju komedije.

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
Frank Borzage
Seventh Heaven
Herbert Brenon - Sorrell and Son
King Vidor - The Crowd
Komedija Lewis Milestone
Two Arabian Knights
Charles Chaplin - The Circus
Ted Wilde - Speedy
1928/1929 Frank Lloyd
The Divine Lady
Lionel Barrymore - Madame X
Harry Beaumont - The Broadway Melody
Irving Cummings - In Old Arizona
Frank Lloyd - Weary River and Drag
Ernst Lubitsch - The Patriot

1930-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1929/1930 Lewis Milestone
All Quiet on the Western Front
Clarence Brown - Anna Christie
Clarence Brown - Romance
Robert Z. Leonard - The Divorcée
Ernst Lubitsch - The Love Parade
King Vidor - Hallelujah
1930/1931 Norman Taurog
Clarence Brown - A Free Soul
Lewis Milestone - The Front Page
Wesley Ruggles - Cimarron
Josef von Sternberg - Morocco
1931/1932 Frank Borzage
Bad Girl
King Vidor - The Champ
Josef von Sternberg - Shanghai Express
1932/1933 Frank Lloyd
Frank Capra - Lady for a Day
George Cukor - Little Women
1934 Frank Capra
It Happened One Night
Victor Schertzinger - One Night of Love
W. S. Van Dyke - The Thin Man
1935 John Ford
The Informer
Henry Hathaway - The Lives of a Bengal Lancer
Frank Lloyd - Mutiny on the Bounty
1936 Frank Capra
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
Gregory La Cava - My Man Godfrey
Robert Z. Leonard - The Great Ziegfeld
W. S. Van Dyke - San Francisco
William Wyler - Dodsworth
1937 Leo McCarey
The Awful Truth
William Dieterle - The Life of Emile Zola
Sidney Franklin - The Good Earth
Gregory La Cava - Stage Door
William A. Wellman - A Star Is Born
1938 Frank Capra
You Can't Take It with You
Michael Curtiz - Angels with Dirty Faces
Michael Curtiz - Four Daughters
Norman Taurog - Boys Town
King Vidor - The Citadel
1939 Victor Fleming
Gone with the Wind
Frank Capra - Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
John Ford - Stagecoach
Sam Wood - Goodbye, Mr. Chips
William Wyler - Wuthering Heights

1940-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1940 John Ford
The Grapes of Wrath
George Cukor - The Philadelphia Story
Alfred Hitchcock - Rebecca
Sam Wood - Kitty Foyle
William Wyler - The Letter
1941 John Ford
How Green Was My Valley
Alexander Hall - Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Howard Hawks - Sergeant York
Orson Welles - Citizen Kane
William Wyler - The Little Foxes
1942 William Wyler
Mrs. Miniver
Michael Curtiz - Yankee Doodle Dandy
John Farrow - Wake Island
Mervyn LeRoy - Random Harvest
Sam Wood - Kings Row
1943 Michael Curtiz
Clarence Brown - The Human Comedy
Henry King - The Song of Bernadette
Ernst Lubitsch - Heaven Can Wait
George Stevens - The More the Merrier
1944 Leo McCarey
Going My Way
Alfred Hitchcock - Lifeboat
Henry King - Wilson
Otto Preminger - Laura
Billy Wilder - Double Indemnity
1945 Billy Wilder
The Lost Weekend
Clarence Brown - National Velvet
Alfred Hitchcock - Spellbound
Leo McCarey - The Bells of St. Mary's
Jean Renoir - The Southerner
1946 William Wyler
The Best Years of Our Lives
Clarence Brown - The Yearling
Frank Capra - It's a Wonderful Life
David Lean - Brief Encounter
Robert Siodmak - The Killers
1947 Elia Kazan
Gentleman's Agreement
George Cukor - A Double Life
Edward Dmytryk - Crossfire
Henry Koster - The Bishop's Wife
David Lean - Great Expectations
1948 John Huston
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
Anatole Litvak - The Snake Pit
Jean Negulesco - Johnny Belinda
Laurence Olivier - Hamlet
Fred Zinnemann - The Search
1949 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
A Letter to Three Wives
Carol Reed - The Fallen Idol
Robert Rossen - All the King's Men
William A. Wellman - Battleground
William Wyler - The Heiress

1950-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1950 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
All About Eve
George Cukor - Born Yesterday
John Huston - The Asphalt Jungle
Carol Reed - The Third Man
Billy Wilder - Sunset Boulevard
1951 George Stevens
A Place in the Sun
John Huston - The African Queen
Elia Kazan - A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli - An American in Paris
William Wyler - Detective Story
1952 John Ford
The Quiet Man
Cecil B. DeMille - The Greatest Show on Earth
John Huston - Moulin Rouge
Joseph L. Mankiewicz - 5 Fingers
Fred Zinnemann - High Noon
1953 Fred Zinnemann
From Here to Eternity
George Stevens - Shane
Charles Walters - Lili
Billy Wilder - Stalag 17
William Wyler - Roman Holiday
1954 Elia Kazan
On the Waterfront
Alfred Hitchcock - Rear Window
George Seaton - The Country Girl
William A. Wellman - The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder - Sabrina
1955 Delbert Mann
Elia Kazan - East of Eden
David Lean - Summertime
Joshua Logan - Picnic
John Sturges - Bad Day at Black Rock
1956 George Stevens
Michael Anderson - Around the World in Eighty Days
Walter Lang - The King and I
King Vidor - War and Peace
William Wyler - Friendly Persuasion
1957 David Lean
The Bridge on the River Kwai
Joshua Logan - Sayonara
Sidney Lumet - 12 Angry Men
Mark Robson - Peyton Place
Billy Wilder - Witness for the Prosecution
1958 Vincente Minnelli
Richard Brooks - Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley Kramer - The Defiant Ones
Mark Robson - The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert Wise - I Want to Live!
1959 William Wyler
Jack Clayton - Room at the Top
George Stevens - The Diary of Anne Frank
Billy Wilder - Some Like It Hot
Fred Zinnemann - The Nun's Story

1960-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1960 Billy Wilder
The Apartment
Jack Cardiff - Sons and Lovers
Jules Dassin - Never on Sunday
Alfred Hitchcock - Psycho
Fred Zinnemann - The Sundowners
1961 Robert Wise, Jerome Robbins
West Side Story
Federico Fellini - La Dolce Vita
Stanley Kramer - Judgment at Nuremberg
Robert Rossen - The Hustler
J. Lee Thompson - The Guns of Navarone
1962 David Lean
Lawrence of Arabia
Pietro Germi - Divorce, Italian Style
Robert Mulligan - To Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur Penn - The Miracle Worker
Frank Perry - David and Lisa
1963 Tony Richardson
Tom Jones
Federico Fellini -
Elia Kazan - America, America
Otto Preminger - The Cardinal
Martin Ritt - Hud
1964 George Cukor
My Fair Lady
Michael Cacoyannis - Zorba the Greek
Peter Glenville - Becket
Stanley Kubrick - Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb
Robert Stevenson - Mary Poppins
1965 Robert Wise
The Sound of Music
David Lean - Doctor Zhivago
John Schlesinger - Darling
Hiroshi Teshigahara - Woman in the Dunes
William Wyler - The Collector
1966 Fred Zinnemann
A Man for All Seasons
Michelangelo Antonioni - Blow-Up
Richard Brooks - The Professionals
Claude Lelouch - A Man and a Woman
Mike Nichols - Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1967 Mike Nichols
The Graduate
Richard Brooks - In Cold Blood
Norman Jewison - In the Heat of the Night
Stanley Kramer - Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur Penn - Bonnie and Clyde
1968 Carol Reed
Anthony Harvey - The Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick - 2001: A Space Odyssey
Gillo Pontecorvo - The Battle of Algiers
Franco Zeffirelli - Romeo and Juliet
1969 John Schlesinger
Midnight Cowboy
Costa-Gavras - Z
George Roy Hill - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Arthur Penn - Alice's Restaurant
Sydney Pollack - They Shoot Horses, Don't They?

1970-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1970 Franklin J. Schaffner
Robert Altman - MASH
Federico Fellini - Satyricon
Arthur Hiller - Love Story
Ken Russell - Women in Love
1971 William Friedkin
The French Connection
Peter Bogdanovich - The Last Picture Show
Norman Jewison - Fiddler on the Roof
Stanley Kubrick - A Clockwork Orange
John Schlesinger - Sunday Bloody Sunday
1972 Bob Fosse
John Boorman - Deliverance
Francis Ford Coppola - The Godfather
Joseph L. Mankiewicz - Sleuth
Jan Troell - The Emigrants
1973 George Roy Hill
The Sting
Ingmar Bergman - Cries and Whispers
Bernardo Bertolucci - Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin - The Exorcist
George Lucas - American Graffiti
1974 Francis Ford Coppola
The Godfather Part II
John Cassavetes - A Woman Under the Influence
Bob Fosse - Lenny
Roman Polanski - Chinatown
François Truffaut - La Nuit américaine
1975 Miloš Forman
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Robert Altman - Nashville
Federico Fellini - Amarcord
Stanley Kubrick - Barry Lyndon
Sidney Lumet - Dog Day Afternoon
1976 John G. Avildsen
Ingmar Bergman - Face to Face
Sidney Lumet - Network
Alan J. Pakula - All the President's Men
Lina Wertmüller - Seven Beauties
1977 Woody Allen
Annie Hall
George Lucas - Star Wars
Herbert Ross - The Turning Point
Steven Spielberg - Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred Zinnemann - Julia
1978 Michael Cimino
The Deer Hunter
Woody Allen - Interiors
Hal Ashby - Coming Home
Warren Beatty, Buck Henry - Heaven Can Wait
Alan Parker - Midnight Express
1979 Robert Benton
Kramer vs. Kramer
Francis Ford Coppola - Apocalypse Now
Bob Fosse - All That Jazz
Edouard Molinaro - La Cage aux Folles
Peter Yates - Breaking Away

1980-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1980 Robert Redford
Ordinary People
David Lynch - The Elephant Man
Roman Polanski - Tess
Richard Rush - The Stunt Man
Martin Scorsese - Raging Bull
1981 Warren Beatty
Hugh Hudson - Chariots of Fire
Louis Malle - Atlantic City
Mark Rydell - On Golden Pond
Steven Spielberg - Raiders of the Lost Ark
1982 Richard Attenborough
Sidney Lumet - The Verdict
Wolfgang Petersen - Das Boot
Sydney Pollack - Tootsie
Steven Spielberg - E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
1983 James L. Brooks
Terms of Endearment
Bruce Beresford - Tender Mercies
Ingmar Bergman - Fanny and Alexander
Mike Nichols - Silkwood
Peter Yates - The Dresser
1984 Miloš Forman
Woody Allen - Broadway Danny Rose
Robert Benton - Places in the Heart
Roland Joffé - The Killing Fields
David Lean - A Passage to India
1985 Sydney Pollack
Out of Africa
Hector Babenco - Kiss of the Spider Woman
John Huston - Prizzi's Honor
Akira Kurosawa - Ran
Peter Weir - Witness
1986 Oliver Stone
Woody Allen - Hannah and Her Sisters
James Ivory - A Room with a View
Roland Joffé - The Mission
David Lynch - Blue Velvet
1987 Bernardo Bertolucci
The Last Emperor
John Boorman - Hope and Glory
Lasse Hallström - My Life as a Dog
Norman Jewison - Moonstruck
Adrian Lyne - Fatal Attraction
1988 Barry Levinson
Rain Man
Charles Crichton - A Fish Called Wanda
Martin Scorsese - The Last Temptation of Christ
Alan Parker - Mississippi Burning
Mike Nichols - Working Girl
1989 Oliver Stone
Born on the Fourth of July
Woody Allen - Crimes and Misdemeanors
Peter Weir - Dead Poets Society
Kenneth Branagh - Henry V
Jim Sheridan - My Left Foot

1990-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik Nominacije
1990 Kevin Costner
Dances with Wolves
Francis Ford Coppola - The Godfather: Part III
Stephen Frears - The Grifters
Barbet Schroeder - Reversal of Fortune
Martin Scorsese - Goodfellas
1991 Jonathan Demme
The Silence of the Lambs
John Singleton - Boyz N the Hood
Barry Levinson - Bugsy
Oliver Stone - JFK
Ridley Scott - Thelma and Louise
1992 Clint Eastwood
Neil Jordan - The Crying Game
James Ivory - Howards End
Robert Altman - The Player
Martin Brest - Scent of a Woman
1993 Steven Spielberg
Schindler's List
Jim Sheridan - In the Name of the Father
Jane Campion - The Piano
James Ivory - The Remains of the Day
Robert Altman - Short Cuts
1994 Robert Zemeckis
Forrest Gump
Woody Allen - Bullets Over Broadway
Quentin Tarantino - Pulp Fiction
Robert Redford - Quiz Show
Krzysztof Kieslowski - Trois Couleurs Rouge
1995 Mel Gibson
Chris Noonan - Babe
Tim Robbins - Dead Man Walking
Mike Figgis - Leaving Las Vegas
Michael Radford - Il Postino
1996 Anthony Minghella
The English Patient
Joel Coen - Fargo
Miloš Forman - The People vs. Larry Flynt
Mike Leigh - Secrets & Lies
Scott Hicks - Shine
1997 James Cameron
Peter Cattaneo - The Full Monty
Gus Van Sant - Good Will Hunting
Curtis Hanson - L.A. Confidential
Atom Egoyan - The Sweet Hereafter
1998 Steven Spielberg
Saving Private Ryan
John Madden - Shakespeare in Love
Terrence Malick - The Thin Red Line
Peter Weir - The Truman Show
Roberto Benigni - La Vita è Bella
1999 Sam Mendes
American Beauty
Spike Jonze - Being John Malkovich
Lasse Hallström - The Cider House Rules
Michael Mann - The Insider
M. Night Shyamalan - The Sixth Sense

2000-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik
2000. Steven Soderbergh
 – Traffic
Stephen DaldryBilly Elliot
Ang LeeTigar i zmaj
Ridley ScottGladijator
Steven SoderberghErin Brockovich
2001. Ron Howard
 – Genijalni um
Robert AltmanGosford Park
Peter JacksonGospodar prstenova: Prstenova družina
David LynchMulholland Drive
Ridley ScottPad crnog jastreba
2002. Roman Polanski
 – Pijanist
Pedro AlmodóvarPričaj s njom
Stephen DaldrySati
Rob MarshallChicago
Martin ScorseseBande New Yorka
2003. Peter Jackson
 – Gospodar prstenova: Povratak kralja
Sofia CoppolaIzgubljeni u prijevodu
Clint EastwoodMistična rijeka
Fernando MeirellesBožji grad
Peter WeirGospodar i ratnik
2004. Clint Eastwood
 – Djevojka od milijun dolara
Taylor HackfordRay
Mike LeighVera Drake
Alexander PayneStranputice
Martin ScorseseAvijatičar
2005. Ang Lee
 – Planina Brokeback
George ClooneyLaku noć i sretno
Paul HaggisFatalna nesreća
Bennett MillerCapote
Steven SpielbergMünchen
2006. Martin Scorsese
 – Pokojni
Clint EastwoodPisma s Iwo Jime
Stephen FrearsKraljica
Alejandro González IñárrituBabel
Paul GreengrassLet 93
2007. Joel Coen i Ethan Coen
  – Nema zemlje za starce
Paul Thomas AndersonBit će krvi
Tony GilroyMichael Clayton
Jason Reitman - Juno
Julian SchnabelSkafander i leptir
2008. Danny Boyle
 – Milijunaš s ulice
Stephen DaldryŽena kojoj sam čitao
David Fincher - Neobična priča o Benjaminu Buttonu
Ron HowardFrost/Nixon
Gus Van SantMilk
2009. Kathryn Bigelow '
 – Narednik James
James CameronAvatar
Lee DanielsPrecious
Jason ReitmanNi na nebu, ni na zemlji
Quentin TarantinoNemilosrdni gadovi

2010-e[uredi - уреди]

Godina Dobitnik
2010. Tom Hooper
 – The King's Speech
Darren AronofskyBlack Swan
Joel & Ethan CoenTrue Grit
David FincherThe Social Network
David O. RussellThe Fighter
2011. Michel Hazanavicius
 – Umjetnik
Woody AllenPonoć u Parizu
Terrence MalickDrvo života
Alexander PayneNasljednici
Martin ScorseseHugo
2012. Ang Lee
 – Life of Pi
Michael HanekeAmour
David O. RussellSilver Linings Playbook
Steven SpielbergLincoln
Benh ZeitlinBeasts of the Southern Wild
2013. Alfonso Cuarón
 – Gravity
Steve McQueen12 Years a Slave
Alexander PayneNebraska
David O. RussellAmerican Hustle
Martin ScorseseThe Wolf of Wall Street
2014. Alejandro González Iñárritu
 – Birdman
Wes AndersonThe Grand Budapest Hotel
Richard LinklaterBoyhood
Bennett MillerFoxcatcher
Morten TyldumThe Imitation Game