Hormon rasta oslobađajući hormonski receptor

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Hormon rasta oslobađajući hormonski receptor‎
Dostupne strukture
2XDG
Identifikatori
SimboliGHRHR; GHRFR; GRFR; IGHD1B
Vanjski IDOMIM139191 MGI95710 HomoloGene640 IUPHAR: GHRH GeneCards: GHRHR Gene
Pregled RNK izražavanja
PBB GE GHRHR 207825 s at tn.png
PBB GE GHRHR 211544 s at tn.png
PBB GE GHRHR 211545 at tn.png
podaci
Ortolozi
VrstaČovekMiš
Entrez269214602
EnsemblENSG00000106128ENSMUSG00000004654
UniProtQ02643P32082
RefSeq (mRNA)NM_000823.3NM_001003685.3
RefSeq (protein)NP_000814.2NP_001003685.2
Lokacija (UCSC)Chr 7:
30.98 - 31.03 Mb
Chr 6:
55.33 - 55.34 Mb
PubMed pretraga[1][2]

Hormon rasta oslobađajući hormonski receptor (GHRHR) je G protein spregnuti receptor za koji se vezuje hormon faktora rasta. GHRHR aktivira Gs protein što inicira cAMP kaskadu putem adenilat ciklaze.[1]

Ovaj gen, je izražen u hipofizi. Vezivanje hormona za receptor dovodi do sinteze i otpuštanja hormona rasta. Mutacije ovog gena su asocirane sa deficijencijama hormona rasta, poremećajima koji su karakterisani niskim rastom. Više alternativnih transkripcionih splajsnih varijanti, koje kodiraju različite izoforme je poznato, ali su samo dve bile karakterisane do sada.[2]

Ligand[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Antagonisti[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. Gaylinn BD (2002). "Growth hormone releasing hormone receptor". Recept. Channels 8 (3–4): 155–62. PMID 12529933. doi:10.1080/10606820213679. 
  2. "Entrez Gene: GHRHR growth hormone releasing hormone receptor". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=2692. 
  3. Kovács M, Schally AV, Zarándi M, Groot K (1997). "Inhibition of GH release of rats by new potent antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GH-RH)". Peptides 18 (3): 431–8. PMID 9145432. doi:10.1016/S0196-9781(96)00334-8. 
  4. Banks WA, Morley JE, Farr SA, Price TO, Ercal N, Vidaurre I, Schally AV (December 2010). "Effects of a growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonist on telomerase activity, oxidative stress, longevity, and aging in mice". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107 (51): 22272–7. PMID 21135231. doi:10.1073/pnas.1016369107. 

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Gaylinn BD (1999). "Molecular and cell biology of the growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor.". Growth Horm. IGF Res. 9 Suppl A: 37–44. PMID 10429879. doi:10.1016/S1096-6374(99)80008-2. 
  • Lin-Su K, Wajnrajch MP (2003). "Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH) and the GHRH Receptor.". Reviews in endocrine & metabolic disorders 3 (4): 313–23. PMID 12424433. doi:10.1023/A:1020949507265. 
  • Mayo KE (1992). "Molecular cloning and expression of a pituitary-specific receptor for growth hormone-releasing hormone.". Mol. Endocrinol. 6 (10): 1734–44. PMID 1333056. doi:10.1210/me.6.10.1734. 
  • Squire J, Zhou A, Hassel BA et al. (1994). "Localization of the interferon-induced, 2-5A-dependent RNase gene (RNS4) to human chromosome 1q25.". Genomics 19 (1): 174–5. PMID 7514564. doi:10.1006/geno.1994.1033. 
  • Hashimoto K, Koga M, Motomura T et al. (1995). "Identification of alternatively spliced messenger ribonucleic acid encoding truncated growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor in human pituitary adenomas.". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 80 (10): 2933–9. PMID 7559877. doi:10.1210/jc.80.10.2933. 
  • Tang J, Lagacé G, Castagné J, Collu R (1995). "Identification of human growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor splicing variants.". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 80 (8): 2381–7. PMID 7629234. doi:10.1210/jc.80.8.2381. 
  • Gaylinn BD, Harrison JK, Zysk JR et al. (1993). "Molecular cloning and expression of a human anterior pituitary receptor for growth hormone-releasing hormone.". Mol. Endocrinol. 7 (1): 77–84. PMID 7680413. doi:10.1210/me.7.1.77. 
  • Gaylinn BD, von Kap-Herr C, Golden WL, Thorner MO (1994). "Assignment of the human growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor gene (GHRHR) to 7p14 by in situ hybridization.". Genomics 19 (1): 193–5. PMID 8188233. doi:10.1006/geno.1994.1045. 
  • Wajnrajch MP, Gertner JM, Harbison MD et al. (1996). "Nonsense mutation in the human growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor causes growth failure analogous to the little (lit) mouse.". Nat. Genet. 12 (1): 88–90. PMID 8528260. doi:10.1038/ng0196-88. 
  • Netchine I, Talon P, Dastot F et al. (1998). "Extensive phenotypic analysis of a family with growth hormone (GH) deficiency caused by a mutation in the GH-releasing hormone receptor gene.". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 83 (2): 432–6. PMID 9467553. doi:10.1210/jc.83.2.432. 
  • Petersenn S, Rasch AC, Heyens M, Schulte HM (1998). "Structure and regulation of the human growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor gene.". Mol. Endocrinol. 12 (2): 233–47. PMID 9482665. doi:10.1210/me.12.2.233. 
  • Maheshwari HG, Silverman BL, Dupuis J, Baumann G (1998). "Phenotype and genetic analysis of a syndrome caused by an inactivating mutation in the growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor: Dwarfism of Sindh.". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 83 (11): 4065–74. PMID 9814493. doi:10.1210/jc.83.11.4065. 
  • Salvatori R, Hayashida CY, Aguiar-Oliveira MH et al. (1999). "Familial dwarfism due to a novel mutation of the growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor gene.". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 84 (3): 917–23. PMID 10084571. doi:10.1210/jc.84.3.917. 
  • Morel G, Gallego R, Boulanger L et al. (2000). "Restricted presence of the growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor to somatotropes in rat and human pituitaries.". Neuroendocrinology 70 (2): 128–36. PMID 10461027. doi:10.1159/000054467. 
  • Rekasi Z, Czompoly T, Schally AV, Halmos G (2000). "Isolation and sequencing of cDNAs for splice variants of growth hormone-releasing hormone receptors from human cancers.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (19): 10561–6. PMC 27064. PMID 10962031. doi:10.1073/pnas.180313297. 
  • Salvatori R, Fan X, Phillips JA et al. (2001). "Three new mutations in the gene for the growth hormone (gh)-releasing hormone receptor in familial isolated gh deficiency type ib.". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 86 (1): 273–9. PMID 11232012. doi:10.1210/jc.86.1.273. 
  • Kiaris H, Schally AV, Busto R et al. (2002). "Expression of a splice variant of the receptor for GHRH in 3T3 fibroblasts activates cell proliferation responses to GHRH analogs.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (1): 196–200. PMC 117538. PMID 11773624. doi:10.1073/pnas.012590999. 
  • Salvatori R, Fan X, Mullis PE et al. (2002). "Decreased expression of the GHRH receptor gene due to a mutation in a Pit-1 binding site.". Mol. Endocrinol. 16 (3): 450–8. PMID 11875102. doi:10.1210/me.16.3.450. 
  • Plonowski A, Schally AV, Busto R et al. (2003). "Expression of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and splice variants of GHRH receptors in human experimental prostate cancers.". Peptides 23 (6): 1127–33. PMID 12126741. doi:10.1016/S0196-9781(02)00043-8. 

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