Percy Bysshe Shelley

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Persi Biš Šeli

Persi Biš Šeli, rad Amelije Kuran iz 1819.
Persi Biš Šeli, rad Amelije Kuran iz 1819.

Datum rođenja: 4. avgust 1792.
Mesto rođenja: Horšam (Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo)
Datum smrti: 8. juli 1822.
Mesto smrti: Tirensko more (Italija)

Persi Biš Šeli (engl. Percy Bysshe Shelley; Horšam, 4. avgust 1792Tirensko more, 8. juli 1822) je bio engleski pesnik, jedan od najistaknutijih predstavnika romantizma, zajedno sa Džonom Kitsom i Džordžom Bajronom.

Po svojoj vatrenoj veri u svemoć ljudskog uma, i po potpunom ignorisanju verovanja i navika iz prošlosti Šeli pripada pristalicama ideja Prosvetiteljstva. „Politička pravda“ Vilijama Godvina, proniknuta revolucionarnim anarhizmom devedesetih godina XVIII veka, uskoro je postala njegova ideja vodilja. Ali, Šeli je Godvinove ideje pretočio u hrabro zamišljenu poetsko-intelektualnu viziju. Njegove lirske slike su lake i maglovite. Kao pesnik, Šeli već početkom XIX veka pripada blistavoj poetskoj epohi poznatoj kao Romantizam. Karakteristika njegovog genija je što je on u isto vreme racionalista i romantični mislioc, propovednik i pesnik.

Studirao je na Oksfordskom univerzitetu, odakle je izbačen zbog pisanja brošure „O neophodnosti ateizma“ (1811), zajedno sa svojim prijateljom Tomasom Hogom. Sa devetnaest godina odlazi u Škotsku gde se ženi šesnaestogodišnjom Herijet Vestbruk. Godine 1916, napušta trudnu suprugu, i inspirisan avanturističkim romanima, beži sa novom ljubavlju, mladom Marijom, kćerkom Vilijama Godvina, u Švajcarsku. Tu se sprijateljio sa Bajronom. Kasnije se preselio u Italiju. Umro je na jedreljaku u toku nevremena na Sredozemnom moru 1822.

Njegova druga supruga, Meri Šeli, poznata je po romanu „Frankenštajn, ili moderni Prometej“. Posle smrti svoga muža, brinula se o izdavanju njegovih dela.

Dela[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Prvo izdanje filozofske poeme Kraljica Mab
  • O neophodnosti ateizma (The necessity of atheism) (esej, 1809)
  • Castroci (Zastrozzi) (roman, 1810)
  • Sveti Irvajn (St. Irvyne or The Rosicrucian) (roman, 1811)
  • Kraljica Mab (Queen Mab) (1813)
  • Alastor, ili duh samoće (Alastor, Or the Spirit of Solitude) (1815)
  • Himna intelektualnoj lepoti (Hymn to Intellectual Beauty) (1816)
  • Mon Blan (Mont Blanc) (1816)
  • Pobuna islama (The Revolt of Islam) (1817)
  • Ozimandija (Ozymandias) (1818)
  • Oslobođeni Prometej (Prometheus Unbound) (drama, 1818)
  • Maska anarhije (The Masque of Anarchy) (1819)
  • Oda zapadnom vetru (Ode to the West Wind) (1819)
  • Čenči (The Cenci) (drama, 1819)
  • Helada (Hellas) (1821)
  • Epipshidion (Epipsychidion) (1821)
  • Adonais, elegija povodom smrti Džona Kitsa (Adonais. An Elegy on the Death of John Keats) (1821)
  • U odbranu poezije (A Defence of Poetry) (esej, 1821)

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Edmund Blunden, Shelley: A Life Story, Viking Press, 1947.
  • James Bieri, Percy Bysshe Shelley: A Biography, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008, ISBN 0-8018-8861-1.
  • Richard Altick, The English Common Reader. Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1998.
  • Cameron, Kenneth Neill. The Young Shelley: Genesis of a Radical. First Collier Books ed. New York: Collier Books, 1962, cop. 1950. 480 p.
  • Edward Chaney. 'Egypt in England and America: The Cultural Memorials of Religion, Royalty and Religion', Sites of Exchange: European Crossroads and Faultlines, eds. M. Ascari and A. Corrado. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2006, pp. 39–69.
  • Holmes, Richard. Shelley: The Pursuit. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1975.
  • Meaker, M. J. Sudden Endings, 12 Profiles in Depth of Famous Suicides, Garden City, New York, Doubleday, 1964 p. 67–93: "The Deserted Wife: Harriet Westbrook Shelley".
  • Maurois, André, Ariel ou la vie de Shelley, Paris, Bernard Grasset, 1923
  • St Clair, William. The Godwins and the Shelleys: A Biography of a Family. London: Faber and Faber, 1990.
  • St Clair, William. The Reading Nation in the Romantic Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Hay, Daisy. Young Romantics: the Shelleys, Byron, and Other Tangled Lives, Bloomsbury, 2010.
  • Owchar, Nick. "The Siren's Call: An epic poet as Mary Shelley's co-author. A new edition of 'Frankenstein' shows the contributions of her husband, Percy." Los Angeles Times, 11 October 2009.
  • Rhodes, Jerry. "New paperback by UD professor offers two versions of Frankenstein tale." UDaily, University of Delaware, 30 September 2009. Charles E. Robinson: "These italics used for Percy Shelley's words make even more visible the half-dozen or so places where, in his own voice, he made substantial additions to the 'draft' of Frankenstein."
  • Pratt, Lynda. "Who wrote the original Frankenstein? Mary Shelley created a monster out of her 'waking dream' – but was it her husband Percy who 'embodied its ideas and sentiments'?" The Sunday Times, 29 October 2008.
  • Adams, Stephen. "Percy Bysshe Shelley helped wife Mary write Frankenstein, claims professor: Mary Shelley received extensive help in writing Frankenstein from her husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, a leading academic has claimed." Telegraph, 24 August 2008. Charles E. Robinson: "He made very significant changes in words, themes and style. The book should now be credited as 'by Mary Shelley with Percy Shelley'."
  • Shelley, Mary, with Percy Shelley. The Original Frankenstein. Edited with an Introduction by Charles E. Robinson. NY: Random House Vintage Classics, 2008. ISBN 978-0-307-47442-1
  • Richard Ackermann: Quellen, Vorbilder, Stoffe zu Shelleys poetischen Werken (Erlangen: Deichert, 1890).
  • Elmar Dod: "Die Vernünftigkeit der Imagination in Aufklärung und Romantik. Eine komparatistische Studie zu Schillers und Shelleys ästhetischen Theorien in ihrem europäischen Kontext". Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag 1985. ISBN 3-484-18084-6
  • Neville Rogers, Shelley at Work. A Critical Inquiry (Oxford University Press, 1956; repr. 1967).
  • E. R. Wasserman, Shelley. A Critical Reading (Baltimore, 1971).
  • A. Leighton, Shelley and the Sublime. An Interpretation of the Major Poems (1984).
  • James Bieri: Percy Bysshe Shelley. A biography. University of Delaware Press, Newark, Del. 2005.
  1. Youth's unextinguished fire. 1792-1816, ISBN 0-87413-870-1.
  2. Exile of unfullfilled renown. 1816-1822, ISBN 0-87413-893-0.
  • Kenneth N. Cameron: Young Shelley. The genesis of a radical. Octagon Books, New York 1973, ISBN 0-374-91255-6.
  • Paul Hamilton: Percy Bysshe Shelley. Northcoete House, Tavistock 2000, ISBN 0-7463-0818-3.
  • Rüdiger Hillgärtner: Bürgerlicher Individualismus und revolutionäre Moral. Percy Bysshe Shelley (Darmstadt: Thesen-Verlag 1974), ISBN 3-7677-0015-8.
  • Horst Höhne: Percy Bysshe Shelley. Leben und Werk (Frankfurt/M.: Lang 1998), ISBN 3-631-47117-3.
  • D. J. Hughes: Potentialität in Shelleys >Prometheus Unbound<. In: Willi Erzgräber (Hrsg.): Interpretationen Band 8 · Englische Literatur von William Blake bis Thomas Hardy. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt a. M. et al. 1970, S. 91-112.

Vanjske veze[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]