Afrička unija

Izvor: Wikipedia

Afrička unija
Mapa LocationAfricanUnion.png
Sjedište Adis Abeba
Etiopija
Godina osnivanja 2002.
Himna Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together
Web stranica http://au.int/

Afrička unija (skraćeno AU), osnovana je jula 2002. godine, kao naslednica Organizacije za afričko jedinstvo (OAU). Nastala je prema uzoru na Evropsku uniju, ali njena struktura najviše podseća na Ligu naroda. Ciljevi su joj promovisanje demokratije, ljudskih prava i ekonomskog razvoja širom Afrike, naročito putem uvećanja broja stranih investicija putem programa Novo partnerstvo za razvoj Afrike. Prvi predsedavajući ove organizacije je bio predsednik Južne Afrike Tabo Mbeki. AU čine sve afričke zemlje sem Maroka koji se protivio članstvu Zapadne Sahare pod imenom Saharska arapska demokratska republika i Mauritanije koja je suspendovana zbog političkog prevrata.

Članice[uredi - уреди]

Afrička unija ima 53 članice, čime prekriva skoro celu teritoriju Afrike.

Država [1]
(km²)
Stanovništvo[1]
2010
BDP
ukupni
[1]
(Intl. $)
2010
BDP
po stanovniku
[1]
(Intl. $)
2010
HDI[2]
2011
FSI indeks[3]
2011
Indeks korupcije[4]
2011
Ekonomske slobode[5]
2011
Globalni indeks mira[6]
2011
Sloboda medija
Reporteri bez granica[7]
2011/2012
ID[8]
2011
Ginijev koeficijent[1]
1994-2011
(latest available)
Flag of Algeria.svgAlžir 2,381,740 35,468,000 299,097,199,311 8,433 0.698 78.0 2.9 52.4 2.423 56.00 3.44 35.3
Flag of Angola.svgAngola 1,246,700 19,082,000 118,050,602,071 6,186 0.486 84.6 2.0 46.2 2.109 58.43 3.32 58.6
Flag of Benin.svgBenin 112,620 8,850,000 14,047,962,128 1,587 0.427 80.0 3.0 56.0 31.00 6.06 38.6
Flag of Botswana.svgBocvana 581,730 2,007,000 27,883,379,587 13,893 0.633 67.9 6.1 68.8 1.695 12.00 7.63 61.0
Flag of Burkina Faso.svgBurkina Faso 274,220 16,468,000 20,682,772,034 1,256 0.331 88.6 3.0 60.6 1.832 23.33 3.59 39.8
Flag of Burundi.svgBurundi 27,830 8,382,000 3,424,495,848 409 0.316 98.6 1.9 49.6 2.532 57.75 4.01 33.3
Flag of Cameroon.svgKamerun 475,440 19,599,000 44,967,174,827 2,294 0.482 94.6 2.5 51.8 2.104 35.00 3.41 38.9
Flag of Cape Verde.svgZelenortski otoci 4,030 496,000 1,921,832,732 3,875 0.568 75.8 5.5 64.6 -6.00 7.92 50.5
Flag of the Central African Republic.svgSrednjoafrička Republika 622,980 4,401,000 3,471,885,322 789 0.343 105.0 2.2 49.3 2.869 20.00 1.82 56.3
Flag of Chad.svgČad 1,284,000 11,227,000 15,383,060,869 1,370 0.328 110.3 2.0 45.3 2.740 37.67 1.62 39.8
Flag of the Comoros.svgKomori 1,860 735,000 805,834,582 1,096 0.433 83.8 2.4 43.8 13.00 3.52 64.3
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svgDemokratska Republika Kongo 2,344,860 65,965,000 22,888,000,058 347 0.286 108.2 2.0 40.7 3.016 67.67 2.15 44.4
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svgRepublika Kongo 342,000 4,043,000 17,163,255,219 4,245 0.533 91.4 2.2 43.6 2.165 30.38 2.89 47.3
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svgObala Bjelokosti 322,460 19,738,000 37,485,957,803 1,899 0.400 102.8 2.2 55.4 2.417 83.50 3.08 41.5
Flag of Djibouti.svgDžibuti 23,200 889,000 2,012,859,804 2,308 0.430 3.0 54.5 82.6 83.50 2.68 40.0
Flag of Egypt.svgEgipat 1,001,450 81,121,000 501,325,503,505 6,180 0.644 86.8 2.9 59.1 2.023 97.50 3.95 30.8
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svgEkvatorijalna Gvineja 28,050 700,000 24,326,977,860 34,753 0.537 88.1 1.9 47.5 2.041 86.00 1.77
Flag of Eritrea.svgEritreja 117,600 5,254,000 2,868,080,351 546 0.349 93.6 2.5 36.7 2.227 142.00 2.34
Flag of Ethiopia.svgEtiopija 1,104,300 82,950,000 86,354,410,480 1,041 0.363 98.2 2.7 50.5 2.468 56.60 3.79 29.8
Flag of Gabon.svgGabon 267,670 1,505,000 22,656,222,111 15,054 0.674 75.3 3.0 56.7 2.059 36.50 3.48 41.5
Flag of The Gambia.svgGambija 11,300 1,729,000 2,437,783,797 1,410 0.420 80.9 3.5 57.4 1.910 65.50 3.38 47.3
Flag of Ghana.svgGana 238,540 24,392,000 40,096,470,544 1,644 0.541 67.7 3.9 59.4 1.752 11.00 6.02 42.8
Flag of Guinea.svgGvineja 245,860 9,982,000 10,886,858,357 1,091 0.344 102.5 2.1 51.7 2.126 30.00 2.79 39.4
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svgGvineja Bisau 36,130 1,515,000 1,797,473,559 1,186 0.353 98.3 2.2 46.5 26.00 1.99 35.5
Flag of Kenya.svgKenija 580,370 40,513,000 66,896,365,488 1,651 0.509 98.7 2.2 57.4 2.276 29.50 4.57 47.7
Flag of Lesotho.svgLesoto 30,360 2,171,000 3,476,688,571 1,601 0.450 80.4 3.5 47.5 21.00 6.33 52.5
Flag of Liberia.svgLiberija 111,370 3,994,000 1,672,656,313 419 0.329 94.0 3.2 46.5 2.159 40.50 4.97 38.2
Flag of Libya.svgLibija 1,759,540 6,355,000 106,384,346,026 16,987 0.760 68.7 2.0 38.6 2.816 77.50 3.55
Flag of Madagascar.svgMadagaskar 587,040 20,714,000 20,065,107,599 969 0.480 83.2 3.0 61.2 2.239 29.50 3.93 44.1
Flag of Malawi.svgMalavi 118,480 14,901,000 13,144,905,790 882 0.400 91.2 3.0 55.8 1.740 68.00 5.81 39.0
Flag of Mali.svgMali 1,240,190 15,370,000 16,363,001,170 1,065 0.359 79.3 2.8 56.3 2.188 0.00 6.36 33.0
Flag of Mauritania.svgMauretanija 1,030,700 3,460,000 8,499,280,432 2,456 0.453 88.0 2.4 52.1 2.425 22.20 4.16 40.5
Flag of Mauritius.svgMauricijus 2,040 1,281,000 17,545,227,593 13,697 0.728 44.2 5.1 76.2 17.00 8.04
Flag of Mozambique.svgMozambik 799,380 23,390,000 22,034,867,418 942 0.322 83.6 2.7 56.8 1.809 21.50 4.87 45.7
Flag of Namibia.svgNamibija 824,290 2,283,000 14,781,436,806 6,475 0.625 71.7 4.4 62.7 1.850 -2.00 6.24 63.9
Flag of Niger.svgNiger 1,267,000 15,512,000 11,292,657,286 728 0.295 99.1 2.5 54.3 2.356 2.50 5.94 34.6
Flag of Nigeria.svgNigerija 923,770 158,423,000 380,118,471,588 2,399 0.459 99.9 2.4 56.7 2.743 56.40 3.83 48.8
Flag of Rwanda.svgRuanda 26,340 10,624,000 12,359,767,259 1,163 0.429 91.0 5.0 62.7 2.185 81.00 3.25 50.8
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svgSao Tome i Principe 960 165,000 313,352,829 1,899 0.509 74.5 3.0 49.5 50.8
Flag of Senegal.svgSenegal 196,720 12,434,000 24,059,283,055 1,935 0.459 76.8 2.9 55.7 2.047 26.00 5.32 39.2
Flag of Seychelles.svgSejšeli 460 87,000 2,010,996,558 23,115 0.773 67.0 4.8 51.2 25.00 65.8
Flag of Sierra Leone.svgSijera Leone 71,740 5,867,000 4,851,503,809 827 0.336 92.1 2.5 49.6 1.904 21.00 4.34 42.5
Flag of Somalia.svgSomalija 637,660 9,331,000 113.4 1.0 3.379 88.33
Flag of South Africa.svgJužna Afrika 1,219,090 49,991,000 528,164,116,159 10,565 0.619 67.6 4.1 62.7 2.353 12.00 7.79 63.1
Flag of South Sudan.svgJužni Sudan[9][10] 644,331 8,923,553 19,387,002,416 2,266 41.25 45.5
Flag of Sudan.svgSudan 2,505,810 43,552,000 98,242,484,740 2,256 0.408 108.7 1.6 3.223 100.75a 2.38 35.3a
Flag of Swaziland.svgSvazi 17,360 1,056,000 6,285,259,644 5,952 0.522 82.5 3.1 59.1 1.995 67.00 3.26 51.5
Flag of Tanzania.svgTanzanija 947,300 44,841,000 62,733,330,884 1,434 0.466 81.3 3.0 57.0 1.858 6.00 5.56 37.6
Flag of Togo.svgTogo 56,790 6,028,000 6,016,085,645 998 0.435 89.4 2.4 49.1 28.50 3.45 34.4
Flag of Tunisia.svgTunis 163,610 10,549,000 100,741,248,124 9,550 0.698 70.1 3.8 58.5 1.765 60.25 5.51 41.4
Flag of Uganda.svgUganda 241,550 33,424,000 42,530,639,942 1,272 0.446 96.3 2.4 61.7 2.159 64.00 5.08 44.3
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svgZapadna Sahara[11][12] 266,000 491,519 906,500,000b 2,500b
Flag of Zambia.svgZambija 752,610 12,927,000 20,191,176,858 1,562 0.430 83.8 3.2 59.7 1.833 30.00 6.19 54.6
Flag of Zimbabwe.svgZimbabve 390,760 12,571,000 0.376 107.9 2.2 22.1 2.722 55.00 2.68 50.1
AUc 29,865,860 988,803,519 2,913,716,810,347 2,947 0.470 87.1 2.9 53.4 2.251 43.15 4.29 44.8

a Bez Južnog Sudana.
b Podaci iz 2007.
c AU total used for indicators 1 through 3; AU weighted average used for indicator 4; AU unweighted average used for indicators 5 through 12.
Fusnota: Boje prikazuju globalnu poziciju države. Na primjer, zeleni kvadratić označava zemlje koje se nalaze u prvih 25% zemalja na listi određenih karakteristika (uključujući sve zemlje za koje su podaci poznati).

Najviša četvrtina svih zemalja
od 2. do 3. četvrtine svih zemalja
od 1. do 2. četvrtine svih zemalja
Najniža četvrtina svih zemalja

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "World Development Indicators". World Bank. 17. 04. 2012.. http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do. pristupljeno 12. 05. 2012.. 
  2. "Statistics | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)". Hdr.undp.org. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf. pristupljeno 17. 11. 2011.. 
  3. "Failed States Index Scores 2011". The Fund for Peace. http://www.fundforpeace.org/global/?q=fsi-grid2011. pristupljeno 28. 08. 2011.. 
  4. "Corruption Perceptions Index: Transparency International". Transparency.org. 01. 12. 2011.. http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/. pristupljeno 01. 12. 2011.. 
  5. "Country rankings for trade, business, fiscal, monetary, financial, labor and investment freedoms". Heritage.org. http://www.heritage.org/index/ranking.aspx. pristupljeno 04. 03. 2011.. 
  6. "GPI Map - 2011 « Global Peace Index « Vision of Humanity". Visionofhumanity.org. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/gpi-data/#/2011/scor/. pristupljeno 28. 08. 2011.. 
  7. "RSF.org". En.rsf.org. http://en.rsf.org/spip.php?page=classement&id_rubrique=1043. pristupljeno 12. 05. 2012.. 
  8. "Democracy Index 2011" (PDF). The Economist. http://www.sida.se/Global/About%20Sida/Så%20arbetar%20vi/EIU_Democracy_Index_Dec2011.pdf. pristupljeno 14. 05. 2012.. 
  9. Area and population obtained from: "Statistical Yearbook for Southern Sudan 2010". Southern Sudan Centre for Census, Statistics and Evaluation. http://ssnbs.org/storage/stats-year-books/Statistical%20Year%20Book%20For%20Southern%20Sudan%202010%20Final.pdf. pristupljeno 01. 06. 2012.. 
  10. GDP (PPP) and GDP (PPP) per capita obtained from: "Release of first Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Income (GNI) figures for South Sudan by the NBS". South Sudan National Bureau of Statistics. 11. 08. 2011.. http://ssnbs.org/storage/GDP%20Press%20release_11.08.11.pdf. pristupljeno 01. 06. 2012..  and "World Development Indicators & Global Development Finance". World Bank. 17. 04. 2011.. http://databank.worldbank.org/. pristupljeno 01. 06. 2012..  Note: GDP figures were converted from Sudanese pounds to International dollars using the "PPP conversion factor, GDP (LCU per international $)" for Sudan for 2010 provided by the World Bank.
  11. Population obtained from: "Western Sahara - 2011". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 13. 01. 2011.. http://www.theodora.com/wfb2011/western_sahara/index.html. pristupljeno 01. 06. 2012.. 
  12. Area, GDP (PPP) and GDP (PPP) per capita obtained from: "Western Sahara". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wi.html. pristupljeno 01. 06. 2012.. 

Vanjske veze[uredi - уреди]