Nagrada Templeton

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Nagrada Templeton
Dodjeljuje Zaklada John Templeton
Zemlja  Sjedinjene Države
 Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo
Lokacija Buckinghamska palača, London
Nagrada 1,200.000 £ (2015)
Prvo dodjeljivanje 1973.
Aktualni dobitnik Jonathan Sacks (2016)
Službene stranice www.templeton.org

Nagrada Templeton (engl. Templeton Prize) je međunarodna anualna nagrada koju dodjeljuje Zaklada John Templeton, organizacija sa sjedištem u Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama. Utemeljena je 1972. godine i dodjeljuje se za izniman doprinos afirmiranju duhovne dimenzije života, bilo uvidom, otkrićem ili praksom.[1] Nagrada je imenovana po Johnu Templetonu (19122008), britanskom poduzetniku rođenom u SAD kojeg je kraljica Elizabeta II 1987. odlikovala titulom viteza za njegove filantropske zasluge.[2] Do 2001. nagrada je nosila naziv "Nagrada Templeton za napredak u religiji" (engl. Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion), a od 2002. do 2008. godine "Nagrada Templeton za napredak u istraživanju ili saznanju o duhovnim stvarnostima" (engl. Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities).[3][4] Ceremonija dodjele najčešće se organizira u londonskoj Buckinghamskoj palači i prezentaciju vodi princ Filip, vojvoda od Edinburgha.[5][6][7] Novčana vrijednost nagrade je prilagođena tako da premašuje iznos Nobelove nagrade, s obzirom da je Templeton osobno smatrao da su potonje ignorirale duhovnost.[8] Godine 2015. vrijednost nagrade iznosila je 1,200.000 £[9] čime je predstavljala drugu najlukrativniju anualnu nagradu koja se dodjeljuje individuama od strane filantropske organizacije,[1] odmah iza nagrade za fundamentalnu fiziku (engl. Fundamental Physics Prize). O kriterijima dodjele Templetona odlučuje grupa sastavljena od ličnosti iz različitih akademskih disciplina i religijskih tradicija.[1] Dosadašnji dobitnici nagrade uključuju kršćane, muslimane, Jevreje, hinduiste, budiste i ateiste.[1]

Laureati[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Godina Dobitnik Napomene Ref.
1973 MotherTeresa 090.jpg Majka Tereza osnivačica reda Misionarke milosrđa i Nobelovka za mir 1979. [10]
1974 Mk Frère Roger.jpg Frère Roger utemeljitelj Zajednice iz Taizéa [11]
1975 Radhakrishnan.jpg Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan bivši predsjednik Indije, zagovornik mira s Pakistanom [11]
1976 Cardinal L. Suenens.jpg Leo Joseph Suenens pionir katoličke karizmatske obnove [12]
1977 Chiara Lubich.JPG Chiara Lubich osnivačica pokreta fokolara [13]
1978 Thomas Torrance bivši čelnik Glavne skupštine Škotske Crkve [12]
1979 Statue of Niwano.JPG Nikkyō Niwano (ko)utemeljitelj pokreta Risshō Kōsei Kai [12]
1980 Ralph Wendell Burhoe utemeljitelj časopisa Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science [14]
1981 Cicely Saunders anglikanska medicinska sestra, osnivačica pokreta modernih hospicija i palijativne skrbi [15]
1982 Billy Graham bw photo, April 11, 1966.jpg Billy Graham evangelizacijski aktivist [16]
1983 Alexander Solzhenitsyn in Moscow, December 1998.jpg Aleksandar Solženjicin sovjetski disident, književnik i Nobelovac za književnost 1970. [16]
1984 Michael Bourdeaux utemeljitelj Instituta Keston [11]
1985 Sir Alister Hardy utemeljitelj Istraživačkog instituta za religijsko iskustvo [17]
1986 James I. McCord bivši predsjednik Teološkog sjemeništa Princeton [18]
1987 Father Jaki June 2007.jpg Stanley Jaki benediktinski svećenik i profesor astrofizike na Univerzitetu Seton Hall [16]
1988 Inamullah Khan bivši glavni sekretar modernog Svjetskog muslimanskog kongresa [19]
1989 Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker.jpg Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Weizsäcker fizičar i filozof [12][A]
1989 George MacLeod od Fuinaryja utemeljitelj Zajednice Iona [20][A]
1990 Baba Amte utemeljitelj modernih zajednica za ljude oboljele od lepre [21][B]
1990 Charles Birch profesor emeritus na Univerzitetu u Sydneyju [22][B]
1991 Immanuel Jakobovits bivši glavni rabin Velike Britanije i Commonwealtha [12]
1992 Kyung-Chik Han utemeljitelj Prezbiterijanske Crkve Young Nak [23]
1993 Chuck Colson.jpg Charles Colson utemeljitelj Zajednice zatvorenika [11]
1994 MichaelNovak.jpg Michael Novak filozof i diplomat [11]
1995 Paul Davies.jpg Paul Davies teorijski fizičar [24]
1996 Bill Bright utemeljitelj organizacije Cru [25]
1997 Pandurang Shastri Athavale društveni reformator, filozof i utemeljitelj pokreta Swadhyay [25]
1998 Sigmund Sternberg filantrop i utemeljitelj Foruma triju vjera [11]
1999 Ian Barbour fizičar, filozof i profesor nauke na Koledžu Carleton [26]
2000 Freeman Dyson.jpg Freeman Dyson profesor emeritus na Institutu naprednih studija u Princetonu [26]
2001 Arthur Peacocke bivši dekan Koledža Clare na Univerzitetu u Cambridgeu [5]
2002 Johnpolkinghorne.jpg John Polkinghorne fizičar i teolog [11]
2003 Holmes Rolston III.jpg Holmes Rolston III filozof [27]
2004 GeorgeEllis-Walking.jpg George F. R. Ellis kozmolog i filozof [28]
2005 Charles Hard Townes fizičar i Nobelovac [10]
2006 John D. Barrow kozmolog i teorijski fizičar [29]
2007 Charles Taylor (philosopher).jpg Charles Margrave Taylor filozof [30]
2008 MKHeller.jpg Michał Heller fizičar, kozmolog i filozof [6]
2009 Bernard d'Espagnat fizičar [7]
2010 Dr. Ayala.jpg Francisco J. Ayala biolog i genetičar, bivši dominikanski svećenik [31]
2011 Martin Rees at Jodrell Bank in 2007.jpg Martin Rees kozmolog i astrofizičar [32]
2012 Dalai Lama 1430 Luca Galuzzi 2007crop.jpg Tenzin Gjatso 14. Dalaj Lama, duhovni vođa tibetanskog budizma i Nobelovac za mir 1989. [33]
2013 TutuCOP17.JPG Desmond Tutu dobitnik Nobelove nagrade, društveni aktivist i umirovljeni anglikanski nadbiskup [34]
2014 Tomas Halik.jpg Tomáš Halík rimokatolički svećenik, teolog i sociolog [35]
2015 702524260 txjiQ-O.jpg Jean Vanier rimokatolički teolog, humanitarac i utemeljitelj zaklada L'Arche i Faith and Light [1]
2016 Sirjonathansacks.jpg Jonathan Sacks britanski rabin, filozof i stručnjak za judaistiku [1]
2017 AlvinPlantinga.JPG Alvin Plantinga profesor, filozof i pisac [1]

Napomene[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

A. a Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker i Lord MacLeod od Fuinaryja podijelili su nagradu 1989. godine.[1]
B. b Baba Amte i Charles Birch podijelili su nagradu 1990. godine.[1]

Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 1,8 "Templeton Prize". West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation. 2016. https://www.templeton.org/signature-programs/templeton-prize. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  2. Cuff, Daniel (19. 7. 1992). "Making a Difference; The Suitors Call in Earnest As an 80th Birthday Nears". The New York Times. New York. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/07/19/business/making-a-difference-the-suitors-call-in-earnest-as-an-80th-birthday-nears.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  3. Enman, Charles (8. 7. 2008). "Templeton dies". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa: Canada.com. Arhivirano iz originala 9. 5. 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120509223008/http://www2.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=894efb53-74d6-4b64-b275-ee22c7a296e0. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  4. Crewe, Daniel (15. 3. 2003). "Just because science looks forward, religion isn't backward". London: The Times. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/faith/article2098084.ece. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  5. 5,0 5,1 Niebuhr, Gustav (9. 3. 2001). "Religion Prize Won by Priest Much Involved With Science". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/09/us/religion-prize-won-by-priest-much-involved-with-science.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  6. 6,0 6,1 Hall, John (12. 3. 2008). "Cosmologist wins world's largest monetary award". London: The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/cosmologist-wins-largest-monetary-award-794673.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  7. 7,0 7,1 Gledhill, Ruth (16. 3. 2009). "Bernard d'Espagnat wins £1m Templeton Prize". London: The Times. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/faith/article2100283.ece. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  8. "Obituary – John Templeton". The Economist. London. 17. 7. 2008. http://www.economist.com/node/11745591. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  9. Lichfield, John (11. 3. 2015). "Jean Vanier: Philosopher who dislikes the 'religion' of success wins £1.2m Templeton Prize for promoting spiritual awareness". London: The Independent. Arhivirano iz originala 12. 3. 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150312112843/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/jean-vanier-philosopher-who-dislikes-the-religion-of-success-wins-12m-templeton-prize-for-promoting-spiritual-awareness-10101621.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  10. 10,0 10,1 "US scientist wins religion prize". London: BBC News. 9. 3. 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4333801.stm. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  11. 11,0 11,1 11,2 11,3 11,4 11,5 11,6 Akbar, Arifa (15. 3. 2007). "Philosopher wins £800,000 award for spiritual focus". London: The Independent. Arhivirano iz originala 5. 4. 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080405092926/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/philosopher-wins-163800000-award-for-spiritual-focus-440262.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  12. 12,0 12,1 12,2 12,3 12,4 Templeton, John (1998) [1995]. The Humble Approach: Scientists Discover God. Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press. str. 170–172. ISBN 9781890151171. OCLC 39495310. 
  13. "Lubich, Chiara – Italian Roman Catholic lay leader". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/biography/Chiara-Lubich. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  14. Saxon, Wolfgang (16. 5. 1997). "Ralph Wendell Burhoe, 85; Reconciled Science and Faith". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/05/16/us/ralph-wendell-burhoe-85-reconciled-science-and-faith.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  15. Clark, David (2005). Cicely Saunders – Founder of the Hospice Movement: Selected Letters 1959–1999. Oxford: Oxford University Press. str. 131. ISBN 9780198569695. OCLC 635237482. 
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 "British physicist wins religious prize". London: BBC News. 14. 3. 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1872637.stm. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  17. Hood, Ralph (1998) [1995]. The Psychology of Religion. New York: Guilford Press. str. 248. ISBN 9781890151171. OCLC 39495310. 
  18. Berger, Joseph (27. 2. 1986). "Princeton theologian wins Templeton Prize of $250,000". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/02/27/us/princeton-theologian-wins-templeton-prize-of-250000.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  19. Steinfels, Peter (30. 10. 1988). "Religion Notes; Prize Winner, Accused Of Bias, Collects Award". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/30/nyregion/religion-notes-prize-winner-accused-of-bias-collects-award.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  20. MacLeod, George; Ferguson, Ron (1991). Daily Readings with George Macleod. London: Fount. str. 15. ISBN 9780006275138. OCLC 866836067. 
  21. Pandya, Haresh (17. 2. 2008). "Baba Amte, 93, Dies; Advocate for Lepers". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/17/world/asia/17amte.html?n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/Subjects/T/Templeton%20Prize. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  22. USYD (28. 9. 2010). "Emeritus Professor Louis Charles Birch (1918 – 2009) - memories from the School of Biological Sciences". Sydney: University of Sydney. http://sydney.edu.au/science/biology/alumni/back_to_birch/. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  23. Brozan, Nadine (12. 3. 1992). "Chronicle". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/12/style/chronicle-516492.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  24. Niebuhr, Gustav (9. 3. 1995). "Scientist Wins Religion Prize Of $1 Million". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/09/us/scientist-wins-religion-prize-of-1-million.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  25. 25,0 25,1 Niebuhr, Gustav (6. 3. 1997). "Leader of Spiritual Movement Wins $1.2 Million Religion Prize". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/09/us/scientist-wins-religion-prize-of-1-million.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  26. 26,0 26,1 Connor, Steve (23. 3. 2000). "£600,000 prize for physicist who urges ethics in science". London: The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/600000-prize-for-physicist-who-urges-ethics-in-science-284361.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  27. Sewell, Helen (19. 3. 2003). "Environmentalist wins $1m prize". London: BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2864845.stm. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  28. Howse, Christopher (20. 3. 2004). "Sacred mysteries". London: The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/3603898/Sacred-mysteries.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  29. "British scientist wins $1m prize". London: BBC News. 15. 3. 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4811266.stm. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  30. Jeffries, Stuart (8. 12. 2007). "Is that all there is?". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2007/dec/08/society1. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  31. Dean, Cornelia (25. 3. 2010). "Biologist Wins Templeton Prize". New York: The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/26/science/26templeton.html?ref=science. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  32. Jones, Brent (6. 4. 2011). "U.K. astrophysicist wins $1.6 million religion prize". New York: Associated Press. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/religion/2011-04-06-science_prize_religion_06_ST_N.htm. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  33. Heneghan, Tom; Ireland, Louise (29. 3. 2012). "Dalai Lama wins $1.7 million Templeton spiritual prize". London: Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-religion-dalailama-prize-idUSBRE82S0WB20120329. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  34. "Archbishop Desmond Tutu wins £1.1m Templeton Prize". London: BBC News. 4. 4. 2013. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-22022982. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 
  35. Bingham, John (13. 3. 2014). "Czech priest and former dissident Tomáš Halík wins £1.1m Templeton prize". London: The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/10694559/Czech-priest-and-former-dissident-Toma-Halik-wins-1.1m-Templeton-prize.html. pristupljeno 28. 2. 2016. 

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