Kaprilna kiselina

Izvor: Wikipedia
Kaprilna kiselina
Skeletal formula
Ball-and-stick model
IUPAC ime
Drugi nazivi C8:0 (Lipidni brojevi)
Identifikacija
CAS registarski broj 124-07-2 YesY
PubChem[1][2] 379
ChemSpider[3] 370 YesY
UNII OBL58JN025 YesY
DrugBank DB04519
KEGG[4] D05220
ChEBI 28837
ChEMBL[5] CHEMBL324846 YesY
Jmol-3D slike Slika 1
Svojstva
Molekulska formula C8H16O2
Molarna masa 144,21 g/mol
Agregatno stanje Uljasta bezbojna tečnost
Gustina 0,910 g/cm3[6]
Tačka topljenja

16.7 °C, 290 K, 62 °F ([8])

Tačka ključanja

239.7 °C, 513 K, 463 °F ([6])

Rastvorljivost u vodi 0,068 g/100 mL[6]
pKa 4,89[7]
Opasnost
LD50 10,08 g/kg (oralno kod pacova)[6]

 YesY (šta je ovo?)   (verifikuj)

Ukoliko nije drugačije napomenuto, podaci se odnose na standardno stanje (25 °C, 100 kPa) materijala

Infobox references

Kaprilna kiselina je zasićena masna kiselina sa osam ugljenika poznata pod sistematskim imenom oktanska kiselina. Ona se prirodno javlja u mleku mnogih sisara, i ona je manje zastupljeni sastojak kokosovog i palminog ulja.[8] It is an oily liquid that is minimally soluble in water with a slightly unpleasant rancid-like smell and taste.[6]

Dve druge kiseline su imenovane po kozama: kapronska (C6) i kaprinska (C10). Zajedno sa kaprilnom kiselinom one čine 15% kozjeg mleka.

Reference[uredi - уреди]

  1. Li Q, Cheng T, Wang Y, Bryant SH (2010). "PubChem as a public resource for drug discovery.". Drug Discov Today 15 (23-24): 1052–7. doi:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.10.003. PMID 20970519.  edit
  2. Evan E. Bolton, Yanli Wang, Paul A. Thiessen, Stephen H. Bryant (2008). "Chapter 12 PubChem: Integrated Platform of Small Molecules and Biological Activities". Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry 4: 217–241. doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. 
  3. Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). "Automatic vs. manual curation of a multi-source chemical dictionary: the impact on text mining". J Cheminform 2 (1): 3. doi:10.1186/1758-2946-2-3. PMID 20331846.  edit
  4. Joanne Wixon, Douglas Kell (2000). "Website Review: The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes — KEGG". Yeast 17 (1): 48–55. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0061(200004)17:1<48::AID-YEA2>3.0.CO;2-H. 
  5. Gaulton A, Bellis LJ, Bento AP, Chambers J, Davies M, Hersey A, Light Y, McGlinchey S, Michalovich D, Al-Lazikani B, Overington JP. (2012). "ChEMBL: a large-scale bioactivity database for drug discovery". Nucleic Acids Res 40 (Database issue): D1100–7. doi:10.1093/nar/gkr777. PMID 21948594.  edit
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Susan Budavari, ur. (1996). The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals (12th izd.). Merck. ISBN 0-911910-12-3. 
  7. Lide, D. R. (Ed.) (1990). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (70th Edn.). Boca Raton (FL):CRC Press. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Beare-Rogers, J.; Dieffenbacher, A.; Holm, J.V. (2001). "Lexicon of lipid nutrition (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 73 (4): 685–744. doi:10.1351/pac200173040685. 

Spoljašnje veze[uredi - уреди]