Constantine III od Škotske

Izvor: Wikipedia
Constantine III
kralj Albe
Vladavina 995–997
Prethodnik Kenneth II
Nasljednik Kenneth III
Kuća Alpin
Otac Cuilén, kralj Albe
Umro/la 997
Rathinveramond kraj Pertha

Constantine, sin Cuiléna (srednjovjekovni gelski: Causantín mac Cuiléin; moderni gelski: Còiseam mac Chailein), danas u većini kraljevskih popisa poznat kao Constantine III,[1] (prije 971–997) bio je kralj Škotske od 995. do smrti. Bio je sin škotskog kralja Cuiléna (Cuilén mac Iduilb).[2] Kroničar John od Forduna za njega koristi latinsko ime Constantinus Calvus, [3] što se prevodi kao Constantine Ćelavi.

Pripadao je Kući Alpin, prvoj dinastiji škotskih kraljeva podijeljenoj u dvije loze - potomke Caustantina mac Cinaede i potomke njegovog brata Aeda mac Cinaede - čiji su se predstavnici redovno izmijenjivali na prijestolju. Constantine je pripadao potonjoj lozi. Prema navodima Johna od Forduna, njegov prethodnik Kenneth II je pokušao prekinuti tu tradiciju i krunu neposredno osigurati svojim sinovima. Kenneth II je 995. ubijen; kronike ne navode počinitelja, iako je John od Forduna opisao kako je Constantine sudjelovao u zavjeri. Sam Constantine je poginuo 997. u događaju koji kronike nazivaju "bitka među Škotima". S njim je izumrla Aedova loza, a naslijedio ga je Kenneth III sin kralja Duba, koji je odmah započeo dugogodišnji sukob s bratom Malcolmom II.

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

  1. Sve do viktorijanskog doba se Constantine, sin Áedov navodio kao "Constantine III od Škotske", a ovaj Constantine kao "Constantine IV". Tada su historičari ličnost po imenu Caustantín od Pikta, prethodno nazivanog kao "Constantine I od Škotske", izbrisali sa tradicionalnog popisa škotskih kraljeva pa je ovaj Constantine postao "Constantine III".
  2. Cawley 2011, Aedh.Listing includes all kings descended from him.
  3. Skene, Coronation Stone, p. 93

Literatura[uredi - уреди]

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286. 1922 edition, Oliver and Boyd.
  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
  • Cannon, John, A Dictionary of British History (2009). Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-1995-5037-9
  • Cawley, Charles (24 May 2011). "Medieval Lands Project: Scotland Kings". Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm. pristupljeno 19 May 2012. 
  • Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Fraser, James Earl, From Caledonia to Pictland: Scotland to 795. Edinburgh University Press, 2009 edition. ISBN 0-7486-1232-7
  • Hudson, Benjamin T. , Prophecy of Berchán: Irish and Scottish High-Kings of the Early Middle Ages. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996. ISBN 0-3132-9567-0
  • Hudson, Benjamin T., The Scottish Gaze. Article included in History, Literature, and Music in Scotland, 700-1560 (2002). University of Toronto Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8020-3601-5
  • Mitchison, Rosalind, A History of Scotland. Routledge, 2002. ISBN 0-4152-7880-5
  • Shaw, Robert, Historical Origins (1892). Kessinger Publishing, 2003 reprint. ISBN 0-7661-4978-1
  • Simpson, James Young, "On the Cat-Stane, Kirkliston: Is it not the tombstone of the grandfather of Hengist and Horsa?" (1861). Article included in "Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland" (1861).
  • Skene, William Forbes, Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots: And Other Early Memorials of Scottish History (1867). H. M. General Register House.
  • Skene, William Forbes, The Coronation Stone (March 8, 1869). Article included in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Volume 8 (1871)
  • Skene, William Forbes, John of Fordun's Chronicle of the Scottish nation (1872). Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh.
  • Smyth, Alfred P., Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000. Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7
  • Stenton, F. M., Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edition, The Oxford History of England 2 (1971). ISBN 0-1982-1716-1
  • Williams, Ann, Smyth, Alfred P., Kirby D. P, A Biographical Dictionary of Dark Age Britain: England, Scotland, and Wales, C. 500-c. 1050 (1991). Routledge, ISBN 1-8526-4047-2
  • Woolf, Alex, From Pictland to Alba: 789 - 1070. Edinburgh University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-7486-1234-3
  • Woolf, Alex, Scotland. Article included in "A Companion to the Early Middle Ages: Britain and Ireland, C.500-c.1100" (2009). John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 1-4051-0628-X

Vanjske veze[uredi - уреди]

Constantine III od Škotske
Rođen/a: prije 971 Umro/la: 997
Kraljevske titule
Prethodi:
Kenneth II
kralj Škota
995–997
Slijedi:
Kenneth III