Camden, New Jersey

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Camden
Grad
Grad Camden
engleski: City of Camden
Moto: U snu sam vidio grad nepobjedivim" (engleski: In a Dream, I Saw a City Invincible[1]
karta Camdena u Okrugu Camden. unutarnja slika: Poližaj Camdena u Državi New Jersey.
karta Camdena u Okrugu Camden. unutarnja slika: Poližaj Camdena u Državi New Jersey.
Opći podaci
Zemlja SAD
Država New Jersey
Okrug Camden
Historija
naseljavanje 1626
inkorporacija 13. februar 1828
Uprava
Tip Faulkner Act (gradonačelnik-vijeće)
gradonačelnik Dana Redd (mandat ističe 31. decembra 2013)[2]
administrator Christine T. J. Tucker[3]
bilježnik Luis Pastoriza[4]
Geografija[5]
 • Ukupno 10,341 sq mi (26,784 km2)
 • Zemlja 8,921 sq mi (23,106 km2)
 • Voda 1,420 sq mi (3,677 km2)  13.73%
Rang oblasti 208th of 566 in state
7th of 37 in county[5]
 • Nadmorska visina[6] 16 ft (5 m)
Stanovništvo (Popis 2010.)[7][8][9]
 • Ukupno 77.344
 • Procena (2012[10]) 77.250
 • Rang 12. od 566 u državi
1. od 37 u okrugu[11]
 • Gustoća 86,700/sq mi (3.347,4/km2)
 • Rang gustoće 42. od 566 u državi
2. od 37 u okrugu[11]
Ostale informacije
Vremenska zona Istočna (EST) (UTC-5)

Camden je grad u američkoj državi New Jersey smješten u istoimenom okrugu, kome predstavlja administrativno sjedište,GR6[14]. Smješten je s druge strane rijeke Delaware, nasuprot Philadelphije. Prema popisu iz 2010. godine imao je ukupno 77.344 stanovnika,[7][9], a što predstavlja pad od 2560 (3.2%) u odnosu na 79.904 stanovnika popisanih 2000. godine.[15] Camden se smatra 12. najmnogoljudnijom općinom države, dok je 2000 bio na 10. mjestu.[8]

Camden je postao 13. februara 1828. kada je od inkorporirana od dijelova dotadašnjeg naselja Newton Township. Tada je još uvijek bio dio Okruga Gloucester. 13. marta 1844. Camden je postao dio novoformiranog Okruga Camden[16]

Dugo vremena je bio poznat kao uspješno i propulzivno industrijsko područje, da bi danas bio poznatiji po problemima gradskog propadanja i korupcije. Tri gradonačelnika su zbog korupcije osuđeni na zatvorske kazne, a od kojih je posljednji bio Milton Milan godine 2000.[17] Od 2005. do 2012. je gradskim gradskim školama i policijom neposredno upravljala država New Jersey.

29. oktobra 2012. je FBI u svom izvještaju objavio kako je Camden prvoi po broju nasilnih zločina u kategoriji gradova većih od 50.000 stanovnika.[18] Godine 2008. Camden je imao najvišu stopu kriminala u SAD sa 2333 nasilnih zločina na 100.000 stanovnika, dok je nacionalni prosjek bio 455 na 100.000 stanovnika .[19]

Godine 2009. su javne škole Camdena potrošile 23.770 $ na učenika za školsku godinu 2009–10 school year[20] a oko dvije trećine učenika završava školovanje. Dva od pet stanovnika su ispod granice siromaštva.[21]

Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. Anthony DePalma, "The Talk of Camden; A City in Pain Hopes for Relief Under Florio", The New York Times, February 7, 1990.
  2. 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. pristup 12. V 2013.
  3. Office of the Business Administrator, City of Camden. Accessed December 1, 2011.
  4. Office of the City Clerk, City of Camden. Accessed July 2, 2012.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  6. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Camden, Geographic Names Information System. Pristup 5. III 2013.
  7. 7,0 7,1 DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Camden city, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. 1. XII 2011.
  8. 8,0 8,1 The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Pristup 7. IX 2011.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Camden city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. 7. IX 2011.
  10. Greška kod citiranja: Nevaljana oznaka <ref>; nema zadano teksta za reference po imenu PopEst
  11. 11,0 11,1 GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Pristup 4. X 2012.
  12. Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  13. "A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey", Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 2, 2012.
  14. Camden County, NJ, National Association of Counties. pristup 20. I 2013.
  15. Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011.Pristup 2. VII 2012.
  16. Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 104. Pristip 17. I 2012.
  17. Staff. "Milan Begins Sentence", The New York Times, July 16, 2001. Pristup 2. VII 2012. "Former Mayor Milton Milan, 38, convicted of corruption charges in December, is now serving his seven-year sentence at a low-security federal prison in Loretto, Pa., where he was transferred Friday. ... On June 15, Mr. Milan was sentenced on 14 counts of corruption, including taking payoffs from the mob, as well as concealing the source of a $65,000 loan from a drug kingpin."
  18. Flint drops title of most violent in nation, according to expanded FBI stats The Flint Journal via MLive.com, October 29, 2012
  19. Hirsch, Deborah. "Report ranks Camden most dangerous U.S. city", Courier-Post, November 24, 2009. Pristup 17. II 2011. "According to the study, Camden had 2,333 violent crimes for every 100,000 residents in 2008. By comparison, the national rate is 455."
  20. Giordano, Rita; and Purcell, Dylan. "Third of N.J. districts in area top state average in per-pupil spending", Philadelphia Inquirer, May 21, 2011. Pristip 12. II 2012 ."Coming in at No. 6 statewide and first locally among K-12s was Camden, at $23,770 per student counting the new items - a 4 percent increase over 2008-09. In Camden, total per-student spending minus the added costs included this year - the 'budgetary per-pupil cost' - was $19,118."
  21. Staff. "Camden's Crisis — Ungovernable? — The State May Have Failed the City It Took Over", The Economist, November 26, 2009. Pristup 2. VII 2012. "Camden had the highest crime rate in the country in 2008, according to CQ Press, with 2,333 violent crimes for every 100,000 people. The national average is 455. Camden spends $17,000 per child on education, yet only two thirds complete school. Two fifths of Camden residents live below the poverty line."

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