John William Draper

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John William Draper
Rođen/a 5. maj 1811. (1811-05-05)
St Helens, Lancashire, Engleska, UK
Umro/la 4. januar 1882. (dob: 70)
Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, SAD
Nacionalnost Amerikanac
Alma mater Londonski univerzitetski koledž
Univerzitet u Pennsylvaniji
Zanimanje kemičar, fotograf, historičar
Poznat/a po fotokemija, astrofotografija, konfliktna teza
Suprug/a/zi/ge Antonia Coetana de Paiva Pereira Gardner
Djeca John Christopher Draper
Henry Draper
Virginia Draper Maury
Daniel Draper
William Draper
Antonia Draper Dixon

John William Draper (St Helens, 5. 5. 1811. – Hastings-on-Hudson, 4. 1. 1882), englesko-američki kemičar, fotograf i historičar. Zaslužan je za izradu prve jasne fotografije ženskog lica (1839/1840) i prve detaljne fotografije Mjeseca (1840). Obnašao je dužnost predsjednika Američkog kemijskog društva (18761877) i utemeljio je Medicinsku školu na Univerzitetu New York. U jednom od svojih djela popularizirao je ideju konfliktne teze tj. neprijateljskog odnosa religije i nauke. Njegov sin Henry Draper i unuka Antonia Maury bili su astronomi, njena mlađa sestra Carlotta Maury paleontolog, a njegov najstariji sin John Christopher Draper kemičar.

Opus[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Elements of Chemistry, Including the Most Recent Discoveries and Applications of the Science to Medicine and Pharmacy, and to the Arts (koautor: Robert Kane), New York: Harper and Brothers, 1842.
  • History of the American Civil War. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1867–70.
  • History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science. New York: D. Appleton, 1874.
  • History of the Intellectual Development of Europe. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1863.
  • Human Physiology, Statistical and Dynamical ili The Conditions and Course of the Life of Man, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1856.
  • Life of Franklin (ur. Ronald S. Wilkinson), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.
  • Draper, John William. (1875). History of the Conflict between Religion and Science. Henry S. King & Co; preštampao Cambridge University Press, 2009; ISBN 978-1-108-00069-7
  • Science in America: Inaugural address of Dr. John W. Draper, as president of the American Chemical Society, New York: J.F. Trow & Son, Printers, 1876.
  • Scientific Memoirs; Being Experimental Contributions to a Knowledge of Radiant Energy, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1878.
  • Text-Book on Chemistry. For the Use of Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851.
  • Text-Book on Natural Philosophy, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1847.
  • Thoughts on the Future Civil Policy of America, 3. izd. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1867.
  • Treatise on the Forces Which Produce the Organization of Plants, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1844.

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Barker, George Frederick (1886). Memoir of John William Draper: 1811–1882. Washington, D.C.
  • Fleming, Donald (1950). John William Draper and the Religion of Science. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Hentschel, Klaus (2002). Why not one more Imponderable?: John William Draper and his Tithonic rays, "Foundations of Chemistry" 4,1, str. 5-59.
  • Miller, Lillian B., Frederick Voss, and Jeannette M. Hussey (1972). The Lazzaroni: Science and Scientists in Mid-Nineteenth-Century America. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press