Abraham Hija

Izvor: Wikipedia
Abraham bar Hiyya Ha-Nasi
Rođenje 1070
Barcelona
Smrt 1136 ili 1145
Provansa
Etnicitet Jevrej
Polje astronomija, matematika
Poznat po kvadratna jednadžba, jevrejski kalendar

Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nasi[1] (Barcelona, 1070[2]Narbonne, 1136[2] or 1145[3]) bio je jevrejski matematičar, astronom i filozof, također poznat i kao Savasorda (od arapskog صاحب الشرطة Ṣāḥib al-Shurṭa "šef policije") ili Abraham Judaeus.

Njegovo najpoznatije djelo je Ḥibbūr ha-meshīḥah we-ha-tishboret ("Traktat o mjerenju i računanju"), hebrejski traktat posvećen islamskoj algebri i praktičnoj geometriji. Godine 1145. ga je na latinski prevo Plato od Tivolija pod naslivom Liber Embadorum (iste godine kada je Robert od Chestera preveo al-Khwārizmījevu Algebru.) On sadži prvo potpuno rješenje kvadratne jednadžbe x2 - ax + b = 0 u Evropi, a koje je značajno uticalo na djelo Leonarda Fibonaccija.

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

  1. hebrejski: אברהם בר חייא הנשיא Abraham son of [Rabbi] Hiyya "the Prince". Also Abraham ben Chija, "Abraham ben Hiyya alBargeloni"(The Jewish Encyclopedia Volume 1, Page 322), "Abraham ben Chiya albargeloni Ha'Nasi" (Hegion Ha'Nefesh by Abraham ben Chiya Ha'Nsi in, Printed in Leipzig, 1860, Page 40), "Rabeinu Avraham Bar Chiya HaNasi" (Sefer Yisodei HaTevuna uMigdal HaEmunah, by Rabeinu Avraham Bar Chiya HaNasi), "R' Avraham ben Chiya Hanasi mi'Barcelona" (Hamaayan / The Torah Spring, Edited by Shlomo Katz, Volume XII, Number 18, 16 Adar 5758, March 14, 1998, Page 4), Avraham ben Chiya Hanasi medinat Bartselona, Abraham ben Chiva (Judaism and its history: in two parts By Abraham Geiger and Charles Newburgh, Page 172), Abraham Ben Chaja (Allgemeine Enzyklopädie der Wissenschaften und der Künste, Part 1, Vol. 1, p. 157; Illustr. Lexikon der Astronomie, by Adolph Drechsler, Verlag J.J. Weber, Leipzig 1881, p. 5; Poggendorff’s Handwörterbuch, Volume I, A-L, 1863 Leipzig), Abraham ben Chaja ben Rabbi Chiya, or Chaja or Haija (The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge--, Volume 1, part 1, by Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge , Page 139), Rabbi Abrahamo Hispano filio Rabbi Haijae (Kepler and Hebrew astronomical tables, Journal for the History of Astronomy (ISSN 0021-8286), Vol. 32, Part 2, No. 107, p. 130 - 136 (2001), by B. R. Goldstein)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Langermann, Y. Tzvi (2007). "Bar Ḥiyya: Abraham Bar Ḥiyya Savasorda". u: Thomas Hockey et al. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer. pp. 95–6. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. http://islamsci.mcgill.ca/RASI/BEA/Bar_Hiyya_BEA.htm.  (PDF version)
  3. Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Volume 1, By André Vauchez, Richard Barrie Dobson, Michael Lapidge, Page 8

Literatura[uredi - уреди]

  • Levey, Martin (1970). "Abraham bar Hiyya Ha-Nasi". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-684-10114-9. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830900023.html. 
  • Šablon:JewishEncyclopedia. The JE cites the following works:
    • Moritz Steinschneider, Z. D. M. G. 1876, p. 633;
    • Steinschneider, Abraham Judœus, in Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik, 1867, xii. 1 et seq.;
    • idem, Abraham ibn Ezra, ibid. 1880, xxv. 119, 125;
    • idem, Hebr. Bibl. vii. 84;
    • idem, Hebr. Uebers. pp. 502, 525, 529, 532, 550, 572, 585, 594, 972;
    • idem, Cat. of Hebr. Manuscripts in the Library of Leyden, p. 148;
    • idem, Hebr. Bibl. 1861, iv. 108-109 (where Rapoport's reading of the name "Ḥayyah," instead of "Ḥiyyah," is adopted); 1876, xvi. 90 (where the name "Albargeloni" is declared to be a pure invention).
    • See also Brüll's Jahrb. ii. 189.
    • Wolf, Bibliotheca Hebrœa, i. 51. iv. 761;
    • Rapoport, preface to Hegyon ha-Nefesh;
    • Boncompagni, in Atti dell' Accademia dei Lincei, 1863, p. 935;
    • Woepke, Mémoire sur la Propagande des Chiffres, p. 80;
    • Kerem Ḥemed, vii. 77;
    • Geiger, Mosheh ben Maimon, p. 70;
    • Henri Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 369;
    • Bacher, Die Bibelexegese der Jüdischen Religionsphilosophen vor Maimuni, ch. iv.G. Sa.

Vanjske veze[uredi - уреди]