Kalvinizam

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Kalvinizam (za koga se ponekad koristi izraz reformirana tradicija, reformirana vjera, reformirano kršćanstvo ili reformirana teologija) je teološki sistem, odnosno kršćanska doktrina koja naglašava ulogu Boga iznad svih stvari.[1] Razvili su ga teolozi kao Martin Bucer, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli io Huldrych Zwingli te je imala utjecaj na engleske reformatore kao što su Thomas Cranmer i John Jewel, ali je ima dobila po francuskom reformatoru Jeanu Calvinu s obzirom da je na nju imao snažan utjecaj, kao i na vjerske rasprave u okviru protestantizma 17. vijeka. Danas se taj izraz koristi i za doktrine reformiranih crkava čiji je Calvin bio rani vođa. Nešto rjeđe se koristi za nauk samog Calvina.[2] Sistem je najpoznatiji po doktrinama kao što su predestinacija i potpuna iskvarenost.

Izvori[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. Benjamin B. Warfield. "Calvinism". u: Johann Jakob Herzog, Philip Schaff, Albert Hauck. The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. pp. p. 359. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/encyc02.html?term=Calvinism. "[T]he fundamental principle of Calvinism ... lies in a profound apprehension of God in his majesty, with the inevitably accompanying poignant realization of the exact nature of the relation sustained to him by the creature as such, and particularly by the sinful creature.". 
  2. Warfield, p. 359: "Sometimes ['Calvinism'] designates merely the individual teaching of John Calvin. Sometimes it designates, more broadly, the doctrinal system confessed by that body of Protestant Churches known historically, in distinction from the Lutheran Churches, as 'the Reformed Churches' ... but also quite commonly called 'the Calvinistic Churches' because the great scientific exposition of their faith in the Reformation age, and perhaps the most influential of any age, was given by John Calvin. Sometimes it designates, more broadly still, the entire body of conceptions, theological, ethical, philosophical, social, political, which, under the influence of the master mind of John Calvin, raised itself to dominance in the Protestant lands of the post-Reformation age, and has left a permanent mark not only upon the thought of mankind, but upon the life-history of men, the social order of civilized peoples and even the political organization of States."

Eksterni linkovi[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Kalvinistički linkovi

Kalvinizam i ostali teološki sistemi