Metalcore

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Metalcore
Stilski korijeni crossover thrash, hardcore punk, heavy metal, thrash metal, youth crew
Kulturološki korijeni krajem 1980-ih, SAD
Tipični instrumenti električna gitarabas gitarabubnjevivokal
Podžanrovi
mathcore
Fusion žanrovi
melodic metalcoredeathcore
Regionalne scene
MassachusettsNew JerseyNew York

Metalcore je fuzioni muzički pravac koji elemente extreme metal meša sa elementima hardcore panka. Izraz metalcore je nastao spajanjem izraza hardcore i metal (hevi metal). Termin metalcore je dobio svoje sadašnje značenje sredinom 90-tih godina, opisicajući bendove Earth Crisis, Deadguy i Integrity [1]Najstarija grupe ove vrste, Integrity, je počela sa radim 1988. godine.[2] Metalcore se razlikuje od ostalih punk metal fuzija po tome što u muzici najviše ističe Breakdowne: spore, intenzivne odlomke pogodne za gurke.[3]

Istorija[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Prethodnici (1977–1984)[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Black Flag[4] i Bad Brains[5], jedni od začetnika HardCora, su se divili i u svojoj muzici su imitirali Blek sabat. Britanske Street Punk grupe, kao što su Discharge i The Exploited su inpiraciju za svoju muziku vukli iz Heavy Metala[6]. Album grupe Misfits, Ert ADe (eng. Earth A.D.) imao je veliki uticaj na Trash metal[7]. Ipak, pank i metal kulture i muzika su ostale odvojene tokop prve polovine 1980-tih.

Krosover treš (1984–1988)[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Ukrštavanje metal i hardcore muzike dovelo je do stvaranja Crossover thrash scene, na terotoriji Berklija, u Kaliforniji.[8] Termin metalcore se prvo koristio za opisivanje muzike ovih grupa.[9] HardCore punk grupe kao što su Corosion of Conformity[10], Dirty Rotten Imbeciles i Suicidal Tendencies][11] (eng. Suicidal Tendencies), svirali su sa Thrash metal grupama kao što su Metallica i Slayer. The Cro Mags su bili najuticajnija grupa njujorškog hardcora, koji su negovali zvuk hardcora pomešanog sa zvucima grupa Motorhead i Black Sabbath. Takođe, oni su grupa koja je uvela straight edge[12]. Album Cause for Alarm, grupe Agnostik Front (eng. Agnostic Front) iz 1996. godine duboko prožima zvuk hardcora sa metalom.[13]

Metallic Hardcore (1989–2000)[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Između 1989. i 1995. godine došao je novi talas hardcore bendova.[14]

Converge u Sijetlu na koncertu 2008 godine

Taj novi talas sačinjavali su bendovi Integrity,[15] Earth Crisis,[15][16] Converge,[16] Shai Hulud,[17][18][19] Starkweather, Judge, Bloodlet,[16] Strife,[15] Rorschach, Cave In,[20] Vision of Disorder,[20] Hatebreed,[15][20] and Candiria.[20]Grupa Integrity je inspiraciju vukla od terora japanske hardcore grupe G.I.S.M. i metala grupe Slayer, sa muzičkim elementima grupa Septic Death, Samhain, Motorhead, i Joy Division.[21] Biohazard, Koalesc (eng. Coalesce),[22] i Overkast (eng. Overcast) su takođe jedne od prvih i važnih metalcore grupa. Sve ove grupe su navođene kao "metallic hardcore".[23][24]

Melodični metalcore (1997–danas)[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Kasnih 90-tih godina, stigao je treći talas metalcore grupa. Ono što čini ovaj novi talas različitim od prošlih

Killswitch Engage na Rock im Park, 2007 godine.

grupa je to što su ove grupe više melodičnije. Prva metalcore grupa koja je imala ove elemente bila je Zao. I grupa zao je imala veliki uticaj na grupe kao što su Unearth, Bullet for My Valentine, Killswitch Engage, Trivium (stariji radovi), Shadows Fall, All That Remains, Underoath i Atreyu[25][26], i sve ove grupe su veoma komercijalno uspešne.

Ostali važni metalcore bendovi su Haste the Day, Darkest Hour, Caliban, Bleeding Through, August Burns Red, Demon Hunter, It Dies Today, The Devil Wears Prada, Parkway Drive, i The Autumn Offering.[27] Glavni uticaj na muziku i tekstove ovih grupa dolazi od Melodični death metal grupa, naročito od In Flames i At the Gates.[27][25] U melodičnom metalcoru, pevači češće pevaju "clean" deonice[28][29][30], što je drugačije od običnog metalcora.

Karakteristike[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Instrumentalizacija[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Metalcore grupe najčešće imaju dvoje glavnih gitarista i jedhog ritam gitaristu, koji svira brze rifove. Gitare su najčešće koriste drop-tune štim, sve od D štima, pa čak i do A štima, mada je standard za metalcore C štim. Basisti obično prate ritam gitaristu. Čak neke metalcore grupe imaju i klavijaturistu.

Vokali[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Metalcore pevači najčešće pevaju death metal grovlima i vriskovima, što je bilo obično za metalcore grupe 90-tih godina. Današnje metalcore grupe često kombinuju grovlove i melodično pevanje ("clean" vokali - "normalno pevanje")[28].

Pod-pravci metalcora[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Deathcore[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Deathcore predstavlja muzički pravac nastao mešanjem death metala i metalcora.[31] Iako je podvrsta metalcora, deathcore je pod velikim uticajem death metala, zbog svoje brzine, težine i hromatskim, prigušenim "nestabilim" rifovaljem sa čestim menjanjem ritma. Deathcore često ima breakdowne i melodične rifove.

Mathcore[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Era mathcore počinje sredinom 90-tih godina, sa radovima grupa Converge[32], Botch[33][34] i The Dillinger Escape Plan[35]. Termin mathcore je nastao, zbog muziške slišnosti sam Mat rokom (eng. Math rock). Karakteristike mathcora su: brzo tehničko rifovanje, i neobičnim vremenskim signaturama.[36][37] Grupe kao što su Protest the Hero, Ion Dissonance,[38] i Fear Before,[39] su poznate po tome što mešaju metalcore standarde sa Progresiv metal elementima.

Izvori[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. "Shai Hulud, interview with Punknews.org - 05/28/08". http://www.ruleeverymoment.com/media/interviews/interview.php?id=43. pristupljeno 21. 09. 2008.. ""As far as coining the term “metalcore” or coining a sound, I don’t think we did. There were bands before Shai Hulud started that my friends and I were referring to as “metalcore”. Bands like Burn, Deadguy, Earth Crisis, even Integrity. These bands that were heavier than the average hardcore bands. These bands that were more progressive than the average hardcore band. My friends and I would always refer to them as “metalcore” because it wasn’t purely hardcore and it wasn’t purely metal. It was like a heavier hardcore band with hardcore ethics and attitude but clearly a metal influence. So we would joke around and say “Hey, it’s metalcore. Cool!” But it was definitely a tongue-in-cheek term."" 
  2. "Blood Runs Deep: 23 Bands Who Shaped the Scene". Alternative Press. 7. 07. 2008. pp. 110, 118.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. "The best part of every metalcore song is the breakdown, the part where the drums drop out and the guitars slow their frantic gallop to a devastating, precise crunch-riff and everyone in the moshpit goes extra nuts." - Tom Breihan. "Status Ain't Hood". "Live: Trivium, the Jackson 5 of Underground Metal". The Village Voice Daily Voice. October 11, 2006. [1] Access date: July 21, 2008.
  4. Blush, American Hardcore, part 2, "Thirsty and Miserable", p. 63, 66
  5. Andersen, Mark and Mark Jenkins (2003). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital. "Postive Mental Attitude". p. 27. Akashic Books. ISBN 1-888451-44-0
  6. Glasper, Ian (2004). Burning Britain: The History of UK Punk 1980-1984. Cherry Red Books. p. 5. ISBN 1-901447-24-3
  7. Blush, "Hits from Hell", American Hardcore, p. 204
  8. Blush, p. 115
  9. Felix von Havoc, Maximum Rock'n'Roll #198 [2] Access date: June 20, 2008
  10. Blush, p. 193
  11. Christe, Ian: Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal (2003), p. 184
  12. "Cro-Mags were the first band to attract both Skinheads and Metalheads audiences; their music at the point where Hardcore nihilism met Metal power." Blush, p. 189
  13. Blush, p. 192
  14. "Blood Runs Deep: 23 Bands Who Shaped the Scene". Alternative Press. 7. 07. 2008. pp. 110, 118.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. 15,0 15,1 15,2 15,3 "here the term (metalcore) is used in its original context, referencing the likes of Strife, Earth Crisis, and Integrity ...", Ian Glasper, Terrorizer no. 171, June 2008, p. 78
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 Mudrian, Albert (2000). Choosing Death: The Improbable History of Death Metal and Grindcore. Feral House. ISBN 1-932595-04-X. p. 222-223
  17. "Kill Your Stereo - Reviews: Shai Hulud - Misanthropy Pure". http://www.killyourstereo.com/reviews/169/shai-hulud-misanthropy-pure/. "Shai Hulud, a name that is synonymous (in heavy music circles at least) with intelligent, provocative and most importantly unique metallic hardcore. The band’s earliest release is widely credited with influencing an entire generation of musicians" 
  18. "Shai Hulud - Hearts Once Nourished With Hope And Co Review - sputnikmusic". http://www.sputnikmusic.com/album.php?albumid=24083. "Hearts Once Nourished with Hope and Compassion is pretty much the prime in early melodic metalcore. So many bands in both the modern metalcore and hardcore scene have drawn vast influence from them, because of how perfect they blend hardcore and metal." 
  19. "In At The Deep End Records". http://www.iatde.alivewww.co.uk/zombieapocalypse.htm. "Regardless of whether or not you liked Shai Hulud, it is undeniable that Hearts Once Nourished with Hope and Compassion was an oft-imitated and highly influential release in the mid-to-late nineties." 
  20. 20,0 20,1 20,2 20,3 Ross Haenfler, Straight Edge: Clean-living Youth, Hardcore Punk, and Social Change, Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-3852-1 p. 87-88
  21. "It was this simple formula that's single-handedly responsible for every band you hear combining heavy metal and hardcore today." "Blood Runs Deep: 23 Bands Who Shaped the Scene". Alternative Press. 7. 07. 2008. p. 110.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  22. The History of Rock Music: 1990-1999
  23. "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH SHAI HULUD GUITARIST MATT FOX". http://www.metalsucks.net/?p=5504. pristupljeno 09. 10. 2008.. ""When we used to joke with the term, it was just a clever (or not so clever) way of describing a metallic hardcore, metal-influenced hardcore, or hardcore-influenced metal band."" 
  24. J. Bennett, "Converge's Jane Doe, Revolver, June 2008
  25. 25,0 25,1 Allmusic Review, Atreyu, Suicide Notes and Butterfly Kisses [3] Access date: June 24, 2008
  26. "Taste of Chaos", Revolver, June 2008. p. 110.
  27. 27,0 27,1 Metal Injection, August 28, 2007 [4] Access date: June 24, 2008
  28. 28,0 28,1 Suicide Notes and Butterfly Kisses review [5]
  29. Metalrage, 12/30/07 [6] Access date: June 24, 2008
  30. El Paisano, 9/12/07 [7] Access date: June 24, 2008
  31. lambgoat.com "This is deathcore. This is what happens when death metal and hardcore, along with healthy doses of other heavy music styles, are so smoothly blended..."
  32. "Converge biography". Rockdetector.com. http://www.rockdetector.com/officialbio,1883.sm. pristupljeno 23. 08. 2007.. 
  33. Botch - We Are The Romans Review
  34. San Francisco Bay Guardian : Article : The Gap's attack on kids
  35. TV3 > News > Story > Mathcore band the 'Dillinger Escape Plan' visit NZ
  36. Events for this weekend in New York
  37. http://www.thebatt.com/home/index.cfm?event=displayArticle&ustory_id=57c9a7c1-3b7d-4def-97f1-3783659abe8c
  38. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1543586/20061019/index.jhtml?headlines=true
  39. "Fear Before The March Of Flames Bio" The Gauntlet. Retrieved on August 3, 2008.