Evropeidna rasa

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Evropeidna rasa (kavkazoidna rasa) je prema nekadašnjoj, a danas uglavnom odbačenoj rasnoj podeli,[1] jedna od triju glavnih ljudskih rasa, uz negroide i mongoloide. Autohtono je rasprostranjena u Evropi, severnoj Africi, severnoj Indiji i jugozapadnoj Aziji, a alohtono u Americi, Australiji i južnoj Africi.[2][3][4]

Glavne fizičke značajke ove rase su svetla ili mrka koža, ravna, meka ili talasasta kosa, razijena tercijarna kosmatost, tanke usne i uzak nos. Boja kose i očiju varira od svetlih do tamnih nijansi.

U modernijim klasifikacijama, evropeidnu ili kavkazoidnu rasu zamenjuje pojam "belci" ili "bela rasa", te se uglavnom rabi kod samoidentifikacije u popisima stanovništva nekih država poput Sjedinjenih Američkih Država,[5][6] Kanade, Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva i Južnoafričke Republike. Tu su praksu odbacile mnoge države, poput Nemačke, Australije,[7] Argentine,[8] i Kolumbije,[9] gde se u popisima ne postavljaju pitanja rase ili boje kože.

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Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi kôd]

  1. Jennifer K. Wagner, Joon‐Ho Yu, Jayne O. Ifekwunigwe, Tanya M. Harrell, Michael J. Bamshad, Charmaine D. Royal (Veljača 2017.). „Anthropologists' views on race, ancestry, and genetics”. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 162 (2): 318–327. 10.1002/ajpa.23120. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5299519/. Pristupljeno 2021-01-15. 
  2. Coon, Carleton Stevens (1939). The Races of Europe. New York: The Macmillan Company. str. 400–401. http://archive.org/stream/racesofeurope031695mbp#page/n3/mode/2up. »This third racial zone stretches from Spain across the Straits of Gibraltar to Morocco, and thence along the southern Mediterranean shores into Arabia, East Africa, Mesopotamia, and the Persian highlands; and across Afghanistan into India[...] The Mediterranean racial zone stretches unbroken from Spain across the Straits of Gibraltar to Morocco, and thence eastward to India[...] A branch of it extends far southward on both sides of the Red Sea into southern Arabia, the Ethiopian highlands, and the Horn of Africa.« 
  3. Pickering, Robert (2009). The use of forensic anthropology. CRC Press. str. 82. ISBN 1-4200-6877-6. http://books.google.ca/books?id=V0JheWC85h4C&pg=PA82#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. Smay, Diana and Armelagos, George. Emory University. "Galileo Wept: A Critical Assessment of the Use of Race in Forensic Anthropology" [1]
  5. „Race”. United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/note/US/RHI625219. 
  6. Bhopal, R.; Donaldson, L. (1998). „White, European, Western, Caucasian, or what? Inappropriate labeling in research on race, ethnicity, and health”. American Journal of Public Health 88 (9): 1303–1307. DOI:10.2105/ajph.88.9.1303. PMC 1509085. PMID 9736867. //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1509085/. 
  7. „Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and the Census After the 1967 Referendum”. Abs.gov.au. 5. jul 2011. http://abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0Feature+Article2July+2011. 
  8. Ackerman, Ruthie (27. novembar 2005). „Blacks in Argentina – officially a few, but maybe a million”. The San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/11/27/MNGH0FU3UG1.DTL. 
  9. „Colombia: Race and Ethnicity”. Library of Congress Country Studies. Arhivirano iz originala 29. oktobar 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20041029013459/http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd%2Fcstdy%3A%40field%28DOCID%2Bco0050%29. 

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi kôd]