Viktorija (ostrvo, Kanada)

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Viktorija
Victoria Island, Canada.svg
Podaci
Koordinate Arktičko more 71°′″110°′″
Država Kanada
Glavno naselje Kembridž Bej
Površina 217291 km²
Najviši vrh Šalerove planine (655 m)
Broj stanovnika 1875
Cambridge Bay 1998-06-28.jpg
Pogled na naselje Kembridž Bej

Ostrvo Viktorija (engl. Victoria Island ili Kitlineq)[1][2] je jedno od kanadskih arktičkih ostrva u teritorijama Nunavut i Sjeverozapadne teritorije, dijelu kanadskog Arktičkog arhipelaga.[3]

Površina ostrva iznosi 217 291 km², drugo je po veličini ostrvo u Kanadi i osmo u svijetu. Ima populaciju od 1875 stanovnika (2006) i gustinu naseljenosti od 0,0086 stanovnika po km².

Geografija[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Ostrvo Viktorija

Ostrvo ima razuđenu obalu sa dosta polustrva i zaliva. Oblik ostrva pomalo podsjeća i na javorov list, jedan od simbola Kanade.

Najviši vrh je oko 655 m u Šalerovim planinama (Shaler Mountains) u sjevernom-centralnom dijelu ostrva. Najveće jezero je Jezero Ferguson (Ferguson Lake) sa površinom od 562 km².

Najveće naselje je Kembridž Bej (Cambridge Bay), a drugo po veličini Ulukhaktok.

Ostrvo je dobilo ime po engleskoj kraljici Viktoriji.

Istorija[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Godine 1826 John Richardson je video jugozapadnu obalu i nazvao je „Volastonovom zemljom“.[4] Godine 1839. su Peter Warren Dease i Thomas Simpson sledeli njegovu jugoistočnu obalu i nazvali je „Viktorijina zemlja“.[5] Mapa koju je objavio John Barrow 1846. godine prikazuje kompletnu prazninu severno od te dve zemlje do „Banks zemlje“, što je severna obala Banks ostrva.[6] Godine 1851. John Rae je mapirao celokupnu južnu obalu i povezao dve „zemlje“.[7] Godine 1850. i 1851. Robert McClure je obišao oko najvećeg dela Banks ostrva, čime je razjašnjeno da je to ostrvo odvojeno od ostatka Viktorijine zemlje. Njegovi ljudi su isto tako mapirali severozapadne i zapadne obale Viktorijinog ostrva.[8] Jedan od ljudi Roald Amundsena, Godfred Hansen, je mapirao istočnu obalu ostrva sve do Kejp Nansena 1905. godine,[9] i tokom 1916. i 1917. Storker T. Storkerson, iz Kanadske arktičke ekspedicije Vilhjalmur Stefanssona, je mapirao severoistočnu obalu ostrva, otkrivajući Storkersonovo poluostrvo.[10]

Vidi još[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. "Society-COPPER-ESKIMO". ukc.ac.uk. http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/ethnoatlas/hmar/cult_dir/culture.7838. pristupljeno 2008-11-01. 
  2. Swann, Brian (2005). Wearing the Morning Star: Native American Song-Poems. Lincoln, NE: U of Nebraska Press. str. 133. ISBN 0-8032-9340-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=7D2zoR21JHIC&pg=PA133&lpg=PA133&dq=Kitlineq+Victoria+Island. 
  3. Wolchover, Natalie (January 24, 2012). "World's Largest Island-in-a-lake-on-an-island-in-a-lake-on-an-island Seen on Google Earth". LiveScience. http://www.livescience.com/33679-world-largest-island-lake-island-lake-island-google-earth.html. pristupljeno September 15, 2013. 
  4. Franklin, John (1828). Narrative of a second expedition to the shores of the Polar sea in the years 1825, 1826 and 1827, by John Franklin,... including an account of the progress of a detachment to the Eastward, by John Richardson.. London: J. Murray. http://books.google.com/books?id=QOyb_rz5czIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=John+Franklin+1826#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  5. Simpson, Thomas (1843). Narrative of the discoveries on the north coast of America: effected by the officers of the Hudson's Bay Company during the years 1836-39.. London: R. Bentley. http://books.google.com/books?id=CXBIAAAAMAAJ&pg=PR7&dq=Thomas+Simpson+1843#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  6. Derek Hayes,"Historical Atlas of the Arctic", map 136
  7. McGoogan, Kenneth (2003). Fatal passage: the true story of John Rae, the Arctic hero time forgot.. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers. 
  8. McClure, Robert (1856). Osborn, Sherard. ur. The Discovery of the North-West Passage. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts. http://books.google.com/books?id=SGUZAAAAMAAJ&vq=the+discovery+of+the+north-west+passage. 
  9. Amundsen, Roald and Godfred Hansen (1908). Roald Amundsen’s "The North West Passage"; being the record of a voyage of exploration of the ship "Gjøa" 1903-1907. London: A Constable and Co.. http://books.google.com/books?id=nwUZAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA27&dq=Roald+Amundsen's+North+West+Passage+1903+1907+Vol.+1&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  10. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur (1922). The Friendly Arctic: The Story of Five Years in Polar Regions. New York: Macmillan. http://books.google.com/books?id=BTUbAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false. 

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Kanadska enciklopedija
  • Geological Survey of Canada, J. G. Fyles, D. A. Hodgson, and J. Bednarski. Quaternary Geology of Wynniatt Bay, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories. Open file (Geological Survey of Canada), 2718. 1988.
  • Geological Survey of Canada, R. H. Rainbird, A. N. LeCheminant, and I. Lawyer. Geology, Duke of York Inlier, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories. Open file (Geological Survey of Canada), 3304. 1997.
  • Geological Survey of Canada, D. A. Hodgson, and J. Bednarski. Preliminary Suficial Materials of Kagloryuak River (77F) and Burns Lake (77G), Victoria Island, Northwest Territories. Open file (Geological Survey of Canada), 2883. 1994.
  • Gyselman, E. C., and L. K. Gould. Data on Amphidromous and Freshwater Fish from Central Victoria Island and Freshwater Systems Draining into Melville Sound and Elu Inlet, N.W.T., Canada. Winnipeg: Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans, 1992.
  • Jakimchuk, R. D., and D. R. Carruthers. Caribou and Muskoxen on Victoria Island, N.W.T. Sidney, B.C.: R.D. Jakimchuk Management Associates Ltd, 1980.
  • McGhee, Robert. An Archaeological Survey of Western Victoria Island, N.W.T., Canada. Ottawa, Ont: National Museums of Canada, 1971.
  • Parmelee, David Freeland, H. A. Stephens, and Richard H. Schmidt. The Birds of Southeastern Victoria Island and Adjacent Small Islands. Ottawa: [Queen's Printer], 1967.
  • Peterson, E. B., R. D. Kabzems, and V. M. Levson. Terrain and Vegetation Along the Victoria Island Portion of a Polar Gas Combined Pipeline System. Sidney, B.C.: Western Ecological Services, 1981.
  • Rainbird, Robert H. Stratigraphy, Sedimentology and Tectonic Setting of the Upper Shaler Group, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories. Ottawa: National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 1991. ISBN 0-315-66301-4
  • Washburn, A. L. Reconnaissance Geology of Portions of Victoria Island and Adjacent Regions, Arctic Canada. [New York]: Geological Society of America, 1947.

Spoljašnje veze[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]


Koordinate: 71° SG Š, 110° ZGD