Trešnja

Izvor: Wikipedia
Prunus avium, slatka trešnja, takođe zvana divlja trešnja

Trešnja je voće mnogih biljaka roda Prunus, i mesnati plod (koštunica).

Plod trešnje za komercijalne svrhe se obično dobija od ograničenog broja vrsta, kao što je kultivarska slatka trešanja, Prunus avium. Naziv 'trešnja' se takođe odnosi na drvo trešnje, i ponekad se primenjuje i na bademe i vizualno slične svetajuće biljke roda Prunus, kao što su „ornamentalna trešnja“, „Trešnjin cvet“, etc. Divlja trešnja se može odnositi na bilo koju vrstu trešnje koja nije kultivirana, mada se Prunus avium često specifično naziva tim imenom u Britaniji.

Botanika[uredi - уреди]

Prunus cerasus

Mnoge trešnje su članovi podroda Cerasus, koji se odlikuje time što ima cvetove u malim metlicama od njih nekoliko (nisu pojedinačno, niti u grozdovima), i što ima glatke plodove sa žlebom neznatne veličine na jednoj strani, ili su bez žleba. Podrodovi trešnje su izvorni u umerenim regionima Severne hemisfere, sa dve vrste u Americi, tri u Evropi, i ostalim u Aziji. Drugi plodovi trešnje su članovi subgenus Padus. Drveće trešnje koje je izloženo Suncu u maloj meri teži da ima veće lišće da bi se prikupilo što više svetla. Drveće trešnje koje je u većoj meri izloženo svetlosti teži da ima deblje listove da bi se koncentrisala svetlost i ostvario veći fotosintetički kapacitet.[1]

Većina jestivih trešanja je izvedeno iz bilo Prunus avium, slatke trešnje (koja se naziva i divlja trešnja), ili iz Prunus cerasus, višnja.

Kultivari[uredi - уреди]

Sledeći kultivari su dobili nagradu Kraljevskog hortikulturnog društva:

Ime Visina Širina Ref.
Accolade 8m 8m [2]
Amanogawa 8m 4m [3]
Autumnalis (P. × subhirtella) 8m 8m [4]
Autumnalis Rosea (P. × subhirtella) 8m 4m [5]
Avium Grandiflora see Plena
Colorata (P. padus) 12m 8m [6]
Grandiflora see Plena
Kanzan 12m 12m+ [7]
Kiku-shidare-zakura 4m 4m [8]
Kursar 8m 8m [9]
Morello (P. cerasus) 4m 4m [10]
Okamé (P. × incam) 12m 8m [11]
Pandora 12m 8m [12]
Pendula Rosea 4m 4m [13]
Ime Visian Širina Ref.
Pendula Rubra 4m 4m [14]
Pink Perfection 8m 8m [15]
Plena (Grandiflora) 12m 8m+ [16]
Praecox (P. incisa) 8m 8m [17]
Prunus avium (wild cherry) 12m+ 8m+ [2]
Prunus × cistena 1.5m 1.5m [18]
Prunus sargentii (Sargent's cherry) 12m+ 8m+ [19]
Prunus serrula (Tibetan cherry) 12m 8m+ [20]
Shirofugen 8m 8m [21]
Shirotai 8m 8m [22]
Shōgetsu 8m 8m [23]
Spire 12m 8m [24]
Stella 4m 4m [17]
Ukon 8m 8m+ [25]

Reference[uredi - уреди]

  1. Goncalves, Berta; Carlos M. Correia; Ana Paula Silva; Eunice A. Bacelar; Alberto Santos; José M. Moutinho-Pereira (20 May 2008). "Leaf structure and function of sweet cherry tree (Prunus avium L.) cultivars with open and dense canopies". Scientia Horticulturae. Scientia Horticulturae 116 (4): 381–387. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2008.02.013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Accolade' (d) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1530. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  3. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Amanogawa' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=5318. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  4. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1562. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  5. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=5464. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  6. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus padus 'Colorata' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1545. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  7. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Kanzan' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1539. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  8. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Kiku-shidare-zakura' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=5920. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  9. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Kursar' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1540. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  10. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus cerasus 'Morello' (C) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=4499. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  11. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus × incam 'Okamé' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1544. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  12. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Pandora' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1547. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  13. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus pendula 'Pendula Rosea' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=3474. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  14. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus pendula 'Pendula Rubra' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1548. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  15. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Pink Perfection' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1549. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  16. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus avium 'Plena' (d) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1531. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "RHS Plant Selector Prunus avium 'Stella' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=4629. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  18. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus × cistena AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1561. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  19. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus sargentii AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1550. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  20. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus serrula AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1551. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  21. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Shirofugen' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1552. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  22. "RHS Plant Selector Prunus 'Shirotae' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1553. pristupljeno 2012-11-11. 
  23. "RHS Plant Selector - Prunus 'Shogetsu'". http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1554. pristupljeno 29 May 2013. 
  24. "RHS Plant Selector - Prunus 'Spire'". http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1556. pristupljeno 29 May 2013. 
  25. "RHS Plant Selector - Prunus 'Ukon'". http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=1559. pristupljeno 29 May 2013. 

Vanjske veze[uredi - уреди]

  • Wikisource-logo.svg "Cherry". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.