|Država||Bosna i Hercegovina|
|Entitet||Entity Republika Srpska|
|Stanovništvo ((1991))||Population 547|
|Nadmorska visina||Elevation 220 to 350 m|
|Poštanski kod||Postal Code 79000|
|Pozivni broj||Dialing Area Code + 387 52|
Gornji Jelovac is a populated place in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the municipality of Prijedor, which belongs to the Republika Srpska entity. According to the population census in 1991, there were 547 inhabitants in the village.
Just before the Second World War in 1940, there were 1.158 inhabitants.
Gornji Jelovac, is located on the road from Prijedor to Dubica. It is one of the numerous suburban areas that were almost completely destroyed during the Second World War, which is one more proof in a series of evidence of the genocide committed by the NDH Regime against Serbs.
In the period from 1941 to 1945, the Ustashas - the Nazis slaughtered, tortured and killed 464 Serbs - civilians, including 174 children up to 14 years of age, or 66 children up to 4 years of age. In this place Ustashas killed 50 mothers with their children, including Radojka Mudrinić with her nine children and Milica Knežević with her seven children. In the same period, 59 soldiers - members of the NLM were killed, which means that the total number of people murdered from Gornji Jelovac was 523, or over 45 %.
Gornji Jelovac is the only place where three mass graves from the WW II exist, the largest one is in the hamlet Macure.
According to data collected by Mr Spasoja Aleksić, the Ustashas killed 260 men, women and children in Gornji Jelovac, 108 in Jasenovac, 30 in Palančište, 26 in Pogleđevo, 18 in Kozara, 7 in Grubišno Polje, 5 in Knežica, 4 in Hrvatska Dubica, 2 in Banja Luka, 2 in Sajmište Zemun and 1 in Donji Jelovac, Kostajnica and Sremska Mitrovica.
Mr Spasoja Aleksic, at the age of 82 (in 2010), concluded that the perpetrators of the massacre in Jelovac and the entire Potkozarje were NDH Ustashas. There were 68 % Croats from Herzegovina (Široki Brijeg = Lištica, Livno and Duvno), 10 % Croats from Croatia, and 22 % Muslims from BiH.
NDH war criminals killed civilians - unarmed people with axes, mites and knives, on the doorstep, orchards, foresters, wherever they reached someone.
In this place, 34 households were completely destroyed, where no member of the family managed to escape the double massacre in Jelovac and the Jasenovac factory of death.
Geography[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]
It is located in the very heart of Kozara, below the peak of Komanda (elevation 497 m - the eastern edge of the village). From the west, the border is is the ridge Planinica, and from the south Bukova Kosa (elevation 287 m). In the north, Jelovac is open to Knežopolje, i.e.- Donji Jelovac and further to Knežica. In the north-east, at 301 m, there is the famous hill Patrija, the thirteen century old Serbian Knežopolje Guard. There is the Road of Partisan Liberation - from the river Mlječanica to the elementary school "Petar Kočić". The average altitude of the village is 267 m.
History[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]
The Serbs have been inhabiting this village from the VII century. During this 13-century period, they were victims very often in different situations. The first traces of life in this area are evident in prehistoric times - thought to be around 4000 BC. In pre-Roman times and in Roman times, there was Mazaei or Maezaei tribe that disappeared in the 5th century together with the Roman Empire. In this ares, the rulers were from the Kotromanic royal family. There were 11 Stefans rulers (Stefan = the one who was crowned), starting with Stefan Prijezda I Kotromanić (who ruled from 1290) until Stefan Vukčić Kosača (who ruled until 1466), which formed the ruled period of 176 years. For a shorter period, this area, known in history as Donji Kraji, was under the rule of Tvrtko I (ban and King Stefan Tvrtko I Kotromanić - ban from 1367 to 1377, king from 1377 to 1391; some historians claim that the coronation of Tvrtko I as King of the Serbs and Bosnia in 1377 took place in Mileševa monastery). The Turkish rule lasted from 1466 to 1878. From that year until the end of 1918, the area came under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. From 1 December 1918 the area became an integral part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Population[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]
The certain number of people inhabited Jelovac from Lika and Visoka Krajina, at the end of the XVIII and the beginning of the XIX century. The most numerous families originate from Aleksićs, Prodans, Lukićs, Petrićs, Mudrinićs, Cvijićs, Zorićs and so on.The significant number of people inhabited Jelovac from Lika and Visoka Krajina, at the end of the XVIII and the beginning of the XIX century. The most numerous families originate from Aleksićs, Prodans, Lukićs, Petrićs, Mudrinićs, Cvijićs, Zorićs and so on.
Important Persons[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]
* Prof. Dr Miodrag Zec, retired University Professor in Economics at the University in Belgrade
* Prof. Dr Milenko Petrić, retired University Professor in Mathematics at the Novi Sad College (Visoka strukovna škola strukovnih studija)
* Dr Rajko Reljić, Expert of Bio-Medicine at St George's University of London (Institute of Infection and Immunity) in the UK
* Dr Dušan - Dule Aleksić, retired Doctor of Bio-Technical Sciences
* Prof. Dr Stojan - Stole Aleksić, Dean of Faculty of Transport Engineering at IUBD Brčko
* Master Milan Stojanović, retired Colonel
* dr. Helena Savković born Cvijić, Expert in Biochemistry, Leipzig, Germany
* dr. Mira Mišić born Lukić, Specialist in Pediatry
* Serbian Language Teacher Radana Vila Stanišljević, retired
* History Teacher Drago Šormaz, passed away
* Biology Teacher Milenko Vuletić, passed away in 1993
* BSc.Econ Vaso Cvijić, passed away in 2007
* Captain Boško Cvijić, Pilot, Instructor, flew in 106 countries and 285 airports
* BSc.M.E. Čedo Macura, retired
* Master Mladen Prodan, Consular Officer in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH
* Master Verica Petrić, serving in the City of Prijedor
* Master Mladen (Branislav) Prodan, opera singer
* BSc.Econ Sanja Zorić born Knežević, serving in Arcelor Mittal Prijedor
* BSc.Econ Milan Glamočanin, serving in the City of Prijedor
* BSc.Econ Radenko Petrić, serving in the Regional Fire Protection Unit Prijedor
* BSc.Econ Ratko Stakić, serving in the Republika Srpska Government Residential villa Mrakovica Prijedor
* BSc.M.E. Dalibor Zorić
Economy[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]
Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]
- Nacionalni sastav stanovništva - Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.. Sarajevo: Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine.
External Links[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]