Gaošan

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Rukai seoski poglavica posjećuje Odjel antroologije na Tokijskom Carskom Univerzitetu za vrijeme japanske vladavine.

Tajvanski domoroci ili domorodački narod (kineski: 原住民; Hanyu Pinyin: yuánzhùmín; Wade-Giles: yüan2-chu4-min2; Tongyong Pinyin: yuánjhùmín; tajvanski Pe̍h-oē-jī: gôan-chū-bîn, doslovno značenje: "originalni stanovnici") su domorodački narod na Tajvanu. Predstavljaju grupu austronezijskih naroda koji potječu od stanovnika Tajvana koji su živjeli na otoci prije dolaska Han Kineza u 17. vijeku.

Danas većina plemena priznatih od strane Republike Kine je koncentrirana u visorovnima Tajvana te govori arhaičnom skupinom jezika zvanom formožanski jezici, koja je srodna malajsko-polinežanskim jezicima, te pripada austronezijskoj porodici jezika. Prema podacima iz godine 2004. ima oko 400.000 pripadnika te skupine.

Narodna Republika Kina za taj narod koristi izraz Gaošan (ch: 高山族; py: Gāoshān zú; wg: Kao-shan tsu; tw: ko-san-cho̍k; doslovno "etnos visokih planina") i drži ih na spisku 56 etničkih grupa. Na Tajvanu, riječ Kaoshan se koristi za domorodačke grupe za koje se drži da žive u planinama Tajvana, nasuprot izraza Pingpu (ch: 平埔族; py: píngpǔ zú; wg: p'ing-p'u tsu; tw: pêⁿ-po-cho̍k; doslovno " ravničarski etnos").


Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

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