Ebionitsko evanđelje

Izvor: Wikipedia

Evanđelje po Ebionitima je konvencionalni naziv za Epifanijev opis evanđelja koje koriste ebioniti. Čitav poznati tekst ovog jevanđelja se sastoji od sedam kratkih fragmenata, koje Epifanije citira u 30. poglavlju svoje knjige o heresiologi. Jedan od sačuvanih odlomaka iz jevanđelja Ebionita koje navodi Epifanije glasi:

Kada je Isus izašao iz vode, čuo je glas Božiji «ti si moj ljubljeni sin, danas te rodih».[1]


Evanđelje po Ebionitima se često poistovećuje sa Evanđeljem po Hebrejima. Smatra se da je priređeno početkom II stoljeća. Neki proučavaoci smatraju da je to heterodoksna prerada aramejskog Evanđelja po Hebrejima, to jest judaižirane verzije Matejeva Evanđelja.[2]

Evanđelje po Ebionitima, kako ga prenosi Epifanije Salaminski, prikazuje Jovana i Isusa kao vegetarijance.[3][4][5]

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

  1. Epiphane, Pan. 30.13, 7-8
  2. Tomislav J. Šagi-Bunić - Povijest kršćanske literature (svezak I) (scribd)
  3. J Verheyden, Epiphanius on the Ebionites, in The image of the Judaeo-Christians in ancient Jewish and Christian literature, eds Peter J. Tomson, Doris Lambers-Petry, ISBN 3-16-148094-5, pp. 188 "The vegetarianism of John the Baptist and of Jesus is an important issue too in the Ebionite interpretation of the Christian life. "
  4. Eisenman (1997), pp. 240 "John (unlike Jesus) was both a ‘Rechabite’ or ‘Nazarite’ and vegetarian", 264 "John would have been one of those wilderness-dwelling, vegetable-eating persons", 326 "They [the Nazerini] ate nothing but wild fruit milk and honey - probably the same food that John the Baptist also ate.", 367 "We have already seen how in some traditions "carobs" were said to have been the true composition of John's food.", 403 "his [John's] diet was stems, roots and fruits. Like James and the other Nazirites/Rechabites, he is presented as a vegetarian ..", cf 295, 300, 331-2,.
  5. Bart D. Ehrman (2003). Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew. Oxford University Press. str. 102, 103. ISBN 0-19-514183-0.  referring to Epiphanius quotation from the Gospel of the Ebionites in Panarion 30.13, "And his food, it says, was wild honey whose taste was of manna, as cake in oil".

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