Wilfrid

Izvor: Wikipedia
Wilfrid
Biskup Yorka
Image of a full page medieval manuscript without any illustrations
Stranica rukopisa Vita Sancti Wilfrithi iz 11. vijeka koja opisuje osnivanje Opatije Hexham
Dijeceza/eparhija York
Stolovanje završilo 678
Prethodnik Chad
Nasljednik Bosa od Yorka
Redovi
Konsekracija 664
Osobni/lični detalji
Rođenje cca. 633
Northumbrjia
Smrt 709 ili 710
Oundle, Northamptonshire
Svetost
Datum slave 12. oktobar ili 24. april
Štovanje u Rimokatolička crkva
Pravoslavna crkva
Anglikanska zajednica
Atributi (1) krštenje;
(2) propovijedanje;
(3) iskrcavanje iz broda i primanje od kralja
Zaštitništvo Rimokatolička biskupija Middlesbrough[1]
Ripon[2]
Svetišta Ripon, Sompting (Sussex) i Frizija (Roeder).

Wilfrid (originalno Wilfrith)[3] (cca. 633 – cca. 709) je bio engleski biskup i svetac. Rodio se u porodici nortumbrijskih plemića a kao adolescent se zaredio i studirao u Lindisfarneu, Canterburyju, Galiji, i, na kraju, u Rimu; u Nortumbriju se vratio oko 660. godine i postao opat novoosnovanog samostana u Riponu. Godine 664. je Wilfrid bio predvodnik tzv. "rimske stranke" na Saboru u Whitbyju, gdje je održao znameniti govor u prilog rimske metode računanja datuma Uskrsa. Njegov uspjeh je potakao kraljevog sina Alhfritha da ga imenuje biskupom Northumbrije. Wilfrid se odlučio posvetiti u Galiji, smatrajući da u Engleskoj nema valjano posvećenih biskupa. Dok je Wilfrid odsustvovao, Alhfrith je, po svemu sudeći, digao neuspjeli ustanak protiv svog oca Oswiua, što je njegovo imenovanje učinilo upitnim. Oswiu je stoga prije Wilfridovog povrtaka na njegovo mjesto imenovao Ceaddu, a zbog čega se Wilfrid po povratku u Northumbriju morao povući u Ripon.

Nakon što je 668. godine postao nadbiskup Canterburyja, Teodor od Tarza je spor riješio smijenivši Ceaddu i vrativši Wilfrida na mjesto biskupa Nortumbrije. Na njemu je Wilfrid ostao sljedećih devet godina, pri čemu je osnivao samostane, gradio crkve i poboljšao liturgiju. Međutim, ispostavilo se da mu je biskupija vrlo velika, te je Teodor odlučio reformirati Englesku crkvu, i to tako što je velike biskupije razbio u manje. Kada se Wilfrid posvadio sa nortumbrijskim kraljem Ecgfrithom, Teodor je iskoristio priliku da svoje reforme sprovede usprkos Wilfridovog protivljenja. Kada ga je Ecgfrith protjerao iz Yorka, Wilfrid je otputovao u Rim kako bi se požalio najvišoj crkvenoj instanci. Papa Agaton je presudio u Wilfridovu korist, ali je Ecgfrith odbio poslušati papski ukaz te je umjesto toga pri povratku uhapsio, a onda protjerao Wilfrida.

Wilfrid je proveo nekoliko sljedećih godina u Selseyju, gdje je osnovao biskupiju i preobraćao pagansko stanovništvo Sussexa na kršćanstvo. Kada su Teodor i Wilfrid izgladili svoj spor, Teodor je novog nortumbrijskog kralja Aldfritha pozvao da Wilfridu dozvoli povratak. Aldfrith je pristao, ali je 691. ponovno protjerao Wilfrida. Wilfrid je tada otišao u Merciju, gdje je pomagao misionarima i služio mercijskom kralju kao biskup. Wilfrid se zbog svojeg protjerivanja oko godine 700. požalio papi; on je odlučio da engleska crkva to pitanje riješi crkvenim sabor. Sabor je održan u Austerfieldu 702. godine, i na njemu se pokušalo zaplijeniti sve Wilfridove posjede. Wilfrid je zbog toga otputovao u Rim kako bi se žalio protiv te odluke. U međuvremenu su ga njegovi neprijatelji u Northumbriji ekskomunicirali, ali je papa opet stao na Wilfridovu stranu, te mu vratio posjed nad Riponom i Hexhamom, njegovim nortumbrijskim samostanima. Wilfrid je umro 709. ili 710. Nakon smrti je proglašen svecem.

Napomene[uredi - уреди]

Literatura[uredi - уреди]

  1. "About the Diocese" Roman Catholic Diocese of Middlesbrough
  2. "Saint Wilfrid" Patron Saint Index
  3. Fraser From Caledonia to Pictland p. 47

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

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Dalja literatura[uredi - уреди]

  • Foley, W. T. (1989). "Imitation Apostoli: St Wilfrid of York and the Andrew Script". American Benedictine Review 40: 13–31. 
  • Pelteret, David (1998). "Saint Wilfrid: Tribal Bishop, Civic Bishop or Germanic Lord?". u: Hill, Joyce and Swan, Mary. The Community, the Family and the Saint: Patterns of Power in Early Modern Europe. Brepols. pp. 159–180. ISBN 2-503-50668-2. 
  • Sims-Williams, Patrick (April 1988). "St Wilfrid and Two Charters Dated AD 676 and 680". Journal of Ecclesiastical History 39 (2): 163–183. 
  • Stancliffe, Clare (2003). Bede, Wilfrid, and the Irish. Jarrow Lecture 46. Jarrow, UK: St Paul's Church Jarrow. 
  • Wood, I. N. (1995). "Northumbrians and Franks in the age of Wilfrid". Northern History 31: 10–21. 

Eksterni linkovi[uredi - уреди]

Rimokatoličke crkvene titule
Prethodi:
Chad od Mercije
biskup Northumbrijanaca
664–678
Slijedi:
Bosa
Slijedi:
Eata of Hexham
Prethodi:
Cuthwine od Leicestera
biskup Leicestera
692–705
Slijedi:
Headda
Prethodi:
John od Beverleya
biskup Hexhama
705–709
Slijedi:
Acca

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