Sabratstvo Belchitea

Izvor: Wikipedia

Sabratstvo ili Subratstvo Belchitea (katalonski: Confraria de Belchite; španski: Cofradía de Belchite) bio je katolički vojnički red osnovan u proljeće 1122. u selu/gradu Belchite nedaleko od Zaragoze u Španiji. Osnovao ga je aragonski kralj Alfonso Bojovnik na području koje je nedavno bio osvojio od strane muslimanskih vladara. Historičari vjeruju kako je Alfonso svoja osvajanja shvaćao kao križarski rat, odnosno nastojao kopirati slične strukture koje su upravo tada nastajale u Jeruzalemskom Kraljevstvu. Iako tekst osnivačke povelje Reda nije sačuvan, zna se da su na svečanosti osim kralja kao svjedoci bili prisutni i najuticajniji biskupi Španije - Bernard de Sedirac, Oleguer Bonestruga, Diego Gelmírez i Guy de Lescar. [1] Redu se moglo pristupiti doživotno ili na određeno vrijeme, a svaki član se zaklinjao na "obranu kršćana i napadanje pogana" tj. muslimana. Članovi su birali "princepsa" ili "rektora". Kada je Sabratsvo prestalo postojati nije poznato; dio historičara vjeruju da se oko 1136. spojio s nešto kasnije osnovanim Monrealskim redom. U svakom slučaju, godine 1143. je njihovo sjedište u Belchiteu pripalo templarima, pa se vjeruje da su integrirani u novi red.

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

  1. Fletcher, "Reconquest and Crusade", 45–46.

Literatura[uredi - уреди]

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  • Fletcher, Richard A. The Episcopate in the Kingdom of León in the Twelfth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978. Online
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  • Maravall, José Antonio. "La idea de Reconquista en la España medieval." Arbor, 28:101 (1954), 1–37.
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  • Pallarés Gil, M. "La frontera sarracena en tiempo de Berenguer IV." Boletín de historia y geografía del Bajo-Aragón, 1 (1907).
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  • Schickl, Peter. "Die Enstetehung und Entwicklung des Templeordens in Katalonien und Aragon." Gessammelte Aufsätze zur Kulturgeschichte spaniens, 28 (1975), 91–228.
  • Ubieto Arteta, Antonio. "La creación de la cofradía militar de Belchite." Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragón, 5 (1952), 427–34.