Vladimir Majakovski

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Vladimir Majakovski
Владимир Владимирович Маяковский

Vladimir Majakovski 1917. godine
Osnovni podaci
Rođenje Vladimir Vladimirovič Majakovski
19. jul 1893. (1893-07-19)
Gruzija Bagdati, Gruzija
(tada  Rusko Carstvo)
Smrt 14. april 1930. (dob: 36)
Rusija Moskva, Rusija
(tada  Sovjetski Savez)
Zanimanje pisac, dramatičar, slikar
Jezik ruski
Djelo
Žanrovi drama, poezija
Književni pokret avangarda (futurizam)
Znamenita djela "Lijevi marš"
"Oblak u hlačama"
Hladan tuš

Vladimir Majakovski (1893-1930) je najistaknutija pesnička ličnost ruskog futurizma i prvih godina revolucije i sovjetske vlasti.

Bio je osoben kao ličnost, kao pojava, kao pesnik. Od početka je bio buntovne i dinamične prirode, otvoren u nastupima i raspravama, čovek protesta i dinamičnog shvatanja života. Kao pesnik bio je inovator, uveo je u poeziju leksiku ulice, ekstatičan ton, eksplozivan jezik, neobičan rečnik, citate, nove žanrove poeme, stepenast stih.

Osnivač ruskog futurizma[uredi - уреди]

Majakovki je jedan od osnivača ruskog futurizma. Godine 1912. pojavio se "Šamar javnom ukusu", manifest ruskog futurizma, koji su potpisali : David Burljuk, Aleksandar Kručonih, Vladimir Majakovski i Viktor Hlebnjikov. Uveo je nove žanrove poeme : Lirske reportaže, lirsko-epske poeme, lirsko-fantastične poeme.

Dela[uredi - уреди]

Poeme[uredi - уреди]

  • O tome (1923)
  • Vladimir Ilič Lenjin (1924)
  • Na sav glas (1930)...

Drame[uredi - уреди]

  • Vladimir Majakovski (1913)
  • Hladan Tuš (1930) gde se ruga sovjetskoj birokratiji.

Tragična smrt[uredi - уреди]

Živeo je snažnim, dinamičnim i punim životom čoveka i pesnika, a umro je tiho i povučeno : ubio se aprila 1930. godine. Taj njegov čin ostao je tajna. Pjesnik je javno izjavio "Mrzim sve ono gde se smrt javlja i snuje! Obožavam život pa ma kakav bio." On je osudio samoubistvo pesnika Sergeja Jesenjina, ali je u oproštajnom pismu napisao : "Ovo nije način (drugima ga ne preporučujem), ali ja nemam izlaza. "

Eksterni linkovi[uredi - уреди]

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Vladimir Mayakovsky na Wikimedijinoj ostavi

Reference[uredi - уреди]

  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir (Patricia Blake ed., trans. Max Hayward and George Reavey). The bedbug and selected poetry. (Meridian Books, Cleveland, 1960).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir. Mayakovsky: Plays. Trans. Guy Daniels. (Northwestern University Press, Evanston, Il, 1995). ISBN 0-8101-1339-2.
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir. For the voice (The British Library, London, 2000).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir (ed. Bengt Jangfeldt, trans. Julian Graffy). Love is the heart of everything : correspondence between Vladimir Mayakovsky and Lili Brik 1915-1930 (Polygon Books, Edinburgh, 1986).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir (comp. and trans. Herbert Marshall). Mayakovsky and his poetry (Current Book House, Bombay, 1955).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir. Selected works in three volumes (Raduga, Moscow, 1985).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir. Selected poetry. (Foreign Languages, Moscow, 1975).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir (ed. Bengt Jangfeldt and Nils Ake Nilsson). Vladimir Majakovsky: Memoirs and essays (Almqvist & Wiksell Int., Stockholm 1975).
  • Mayakovsky, Vladimir. Satira ('Khudozh. lit.,' Moscow, 1969).
  • Brown, E. J. Mayakovsky: a poet in the revolution (Princeton Univ. Press, 1973).
  • Jangfeldt, Bengt. Majakovsky and futurism 1917-1921 (Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm, 1976).
  • Stapanian, Juliette. Mayakovsky's cubo-futurist vision (Rice University Press, 1986).
  • Charters, Ann & Samuel. I love : the story of Vladimir Mayakovsky and Lili Brik (Farrar Straus Giroux, NY, 1979).
  • Lavrin, Janko. From Pushkin to Mayakovsky, a study in the evolution of a literature. (Sylvan Press, London, 1948).
  • Mikhailov, Aleksandr Alekseevich. Maiakovskii (Mol. gvardiia, Moscow, 1988).
  • Terras, Victor. Vladimir Mayakovsky (Twayne, Boston, 1983).
  • Vallejo, César (trans. Richard Schaaf) The Mayakovsky case (Curbstone Press, Willimantic, CT, 1982).
  • Wachtel, Michael. The development of Russian verse : meter and its meanings (Cambridge University Press, 1998).
  • Humesky, Assya. Majakovskiy and his neologisms (Rausen Publishers, NY, 1964).
  • Shklovskii, Viktor Borisovich. (ed. and trans. Lily Feiler). Mayakovsky and his circle (Dodd, Mead, NY, 1972).
  • Novatorskoe iskusstvo Vladimira Maiakovskogo (trans. Alex Miller). Vladimir Mayakovsky: Innovator (Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1976).
  • Rougle, Charles. Three Russians consider America : America in the works of Maksim Gorkij, Aleksandr Blok, and Vladimir Majakovsky (Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm, 1976).
  • Aizlewood, Robin. Verse form and meaning in the poetry of Vladimir Maiakovsky: Tragediia, Oblako v shtanakh, Fleita-pozvonochnik, Chelovek, Liubliu, Pro eto (Modern Humanities Research Association, London, 1989).
  • Noyes, George R. Masterpieces of the Russian drama (Dover Pub., NY, 1960).
  • ((lt)) Nyka-Niliūnas, Alfonsas. Keturi vėjai ir keturvėjinikai (The Four Winds literary movement and its members), Aidai, 1949, No. 24.