Predsednički izbori u SAD 2020.

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Predsednički izbori u SAD 2020.
Šablon:Flagdeco
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538 članova Izborničkog kolegijuma
270 glasovi potrebni za pobedu

Šablon:Infobox election/rowŠablon:Infobox election/rowŠablon:Infobox election/row

ElectoralCollege2020.svg
Izborna karta za izbore 2020. na osnovu popisa stanovništva iz 2010. godine.

Predsednik pre izbora

Donald Tramp
Šablon:Infobox election/shortname

Izabrani Predsednik

Džo Bajden
Šablon:Infobox election/shortname

Predsednički izbori u SAD, zakazani za utorak, 3. novembar 2020. godine, bili su 59. četvorogodišnji američki predsednički izbori. Birači su glasali za predsedničke kandidate koji će zatim 14. decembra 2020.[1] ili izabrati novog predsednika i potpredsednika ili ponovno izabrati sadašnjeg nosioca dužnosti. U slučaju da nijedan kandidat ne dobije najmanje 270 izbornih glasova potrebnih za pobedu na izborima, Predstavnički dom Sjedinjenih Država će izabrati predsednika od tri kandidata koji su dobili najviše glasova, a Senat Sjedinjenih Država će izabrati potpredsednika iz kandidata koji su dobili dva najveća broja. Serija predsedničkih primarnih izbora i klubova poslanika verovatno će se održati tokom prvih šest meseci 2020. Ovaj proces nominovanja je takođe indirektan izbor, gde birači glasaju birajući listu delegata na konvenciji za nominovanje političke stranke, koji zatim biraju predsedničkog kandidata svoje stranke.

Predsednik Donald Tramp iz Republikanske stranke, koji je izabran 2016. godine, tražio je reizbor na drugi mandat. Pobednik predsedničkih izbora 2020. je Džo Bajden, koji je inaugurisan 20. januara 2021.godine.Greška kod citiranja: Oznaci <ref> nedostaje oznaka za zatvaranje </ref>[2] Izbori 2020. godine nisu izuzetak; s Donaldom Trumpom koji je formalno tražio drugi mandat, službeni republikanski aparat, na razini saveznih država i na državnoj razini, koordinirao je sa svojom kampanjom provedbu promjena koje će otežati bilokojem predizbornom protivniku da postane ozbiljni protivnik.[3][4] Dana 25. siječnja 2019. godine Republikanski nacionalni komitet (engleski: Republican National Committee) neslužbeno je podržao Trumpa.[5]

Nekoliko Republikanskih komiteta saveznih država (engleski: Republican state committees) ukinulo je svoje predizbore ili klubove poslanika,[6] navodeći činjenicu da su republikanci otkazali nekoliko predizbora saveznih država kada su George H. W. Bush i George W. Bush tražili drugi mandat, 1992. i 2004. godine; a demokrati su ukinuli neke od svojih predizbora kada su Bill Clinton i Barack Obama tražili reizbor 1996. i 2012. godine.[7][8] Hakon otkazivanja svojih utrka, neke od saveznih država poput Havaja i New Yorka odmah su svoje zastupnike dodijele Trumpu, dok su druge savezne države, poput Kansasa i Nevade kasnije formalno održale konvenciju ili sastanak kako bi mu službeno dodijelile svoje zastupnike.[9][10]

Osim toga, Trumpova kampanja pozvala je Republikanske komitete saveznih država koji su koristili proporcionalne metode za dodjelu zastupnika tijekom predsjedničkih izbora 2016. godine (gdje su zastupnici saveznih država u osnovi proporcionalno podijeljeni među kandidatima na osnovu postotku glasova) da pređu na model „pobjednik uzima sve” (engleski: winner-takes-all) (pobjednički kandidat u saveznoj državi dobiva sve svoje zastupnike) ili „pobjednik uzima najviše” (engleski: winner-takes-most) (gdje pobjednički kandidat osvaja sve zastupnike savezne države samo ako prijeđe unaprijed određeni iznos, u suprotnom se dijele proporcionalno) za 2020. godinu.[2][11]

Imenovani[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Republikanska stranka(SAD)
Republikanska stranačka karta za 2020. godinu
Donald Trump Mike Pence
za predsjednika za potpredsjednika
Official Portrait of President Donald Trump.jpg
Vice President Pence Official Portrait.jpg
45. predsjednik Sjedinjenih Američkih Država
(2017. – danas)
48. potpredsjednik Sjedinjenih Američkih Država
(2017. – danas)
Znak kampanje
TrumpPenceKAG.png

Kandidati[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Sljedeći glavni kandidati su: (a) obnašali javnu funkciju, (b) bili uključeni u najmanje pet nezavisnih nacionalnih anketa, ili (c) dobili su značajnu medijsku pokrivenost.[12][13][14]

Kandidati u ovom odjeljku sortirani su prema državnom glasanju
Bill Weld Joe Walsh Rocky De La Fuente Mark Sanford
Bill Weld campaign portrait.jpg
Rep Joe Walsh.jpg
Rocky De La Fuente1 (2) (cropped).jpg
Mark Sanford, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
68. guverner Massachusettsa
(1991. – 1997.)
Zastupnik 8. kongresijskog distrikta Ilinoisa
(2011. – 2013.)
Biznismen i višegodišnji kandidat 68. guverner Južne Karoline
(2003. – 2011.)
Znak kampanje
Znak kampanje
Znak kampanje
Znak kampanje
Suspendirao kampanju:
18. ožujka 2020

454.402 glasova
1 zastupnik
Suspendirao kampanju:
7. veljače 2020

173.519 glasova
Suspendirao kampanju:
23. travnja 2020

108.357 glasova
Suspendirao kampanju:
12. studenog 2020.

4258 glasova
[15][16] [17][18] [19]Šablon:Bolji izvor [20][21]

Demokratska stranka[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Imenovani[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Demokratska stranka (SAD)
Demokratska stranačka karta za 2020. godinu
Joe Biden Kamala Harris
za predsjednika za potpredsjednika
Joe Biden official portrait 2013 cropped (cropped).jpg
Senator Harris official senate portrait.jpg
47. potpredsjednik Sjedinjenih Američkih Država
(2009. – 2017.)
Senatorica iz Kalifornije
(2017. – danas)
Znak kampanje
Biden Harris logo.svg

Kandidati[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Sljedeći glavni kandidati su: (a) obnašali funkciju potpredsjednika, ministra kabineta, senatora, zastušnika ili guvernera, (b) bili uključeni u najmanje pet nezavisnih nacionalnih anketa, ili (c) dobili su značajnu medijsku pokrivenost.

Kandidati u ovom odjeljku sortirani su prema datumu povlačenja kandidature
Bernie Sanders Tulsi Gabbard Elizabeth Warren Michael Bloomberg Amy Klobuchar Pete Buttigieg Tom Steyer
Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Tom Steyer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Senator iz Vermonta
(2007. – danas)
Zastupnik Vermontovog kongresnog distrikta 2
(1991. – 2007.)
Gradonačelnik Burlingtona
(1981. – 1989.)
Zastupnica 2. kongresnog distrikta Havaja
(2013. – danas)
Senatorica iz Massachusettsa
(2013. – danas)
Gradonačelnik New York Cityja, New York
(2002. – 2013.)
CEO tvrtke Bloomberg L.P.
Senatorica iz Minnesote
(2007. – danas)
Gradonačelnik South Benda, Indiana
(2012. – 2020.)
Menadžer hedge fondova
Osnivač Farallon Capitala i Beneficial State Banka
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg Tulsi Gabbard logo.svg Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Mike Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje
P: 8. travnja 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
8.823.936 glasova
1073 delegata

P: 19. ožujka 2020.

(podržala Bidena)
233.079 glasova
2 delegata

P: 5. ožujka 2020.

(podržala Bidena)
2.668.057 glasova
58 delegata

P: 4. ožujka 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
2.430.062 glasova
43 delegata

P: 2. ožujka 2020.

(podržala Bidena)
501.332 glasova
7 delegata

P: 1. ožujka 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
874.727 glasova
21 delegata

P: 29. veljače 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
250.513 glasova


[22][23][24] [25][26] [27][28] [29][30] [31][32] [33][34] [35][36]
Deval Patrick Michael Bennet Andrew Yang John Delaney Cory Booker Marianne Williamson Julián Castro
Deval Patrick 2016.jpg
Michael Bennet by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Delaney by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cory Booker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Marianne Williamson November 2019.jpg
Julian Castro 2019 crop.jpg
Guverner Massachusettsa
(2007. – 2015.)
Senator iz Kolorada
(2009. – danas)
Poduzetnik
Osnivač organizacije Venture for America
Zastupnik 6. kongresnog distrikta Marylanda
(2013. – 2019.)
Senator iz New Jerseyja
(2013. – danas)
Gradonačelnik Newarka, New Jersey
(2006. – 2013.)
Autorica
Osnivačica organizacije Project Angel Food
Nezavisni kandidat za zastupnicu 33. kongresnog distrikta Kalifornije 2014. godine
Ministar za stanovanje i urbani razvoj
(2014. – 2017.)
Gradonačelnik San Antonija, Teksas
(2009. – 2014.)
Devallogo2020.png Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Andrew Yang 2020 logo.svg John Delaney 2020 logo.svg Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje
P: 12. veljače 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
20.761 glasova

P: 11. veljače 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
43.682 glasova

P: 11. veljače 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
119.862 glasova

P: 31. siječnja 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
15.985 glasova

P: 13. siječnja 2020.

(podržao Bidena)
30.191 glasova

P: 10. siječnja 2020.

(podržala Sandersa)
21.993 glasova

P: 2. siječnja 2020.

(podržao Warren, kasnije Bidena)
36.694 glasova

[37][38] [39][40] [41][42] [43][44] [45][46] [47][48] [49][50]
Kamala Harris Steve Bullock Joe Sestak Wayne Messam Beto O'Rourke Tim Ryan Bill de Blasio
Kamala Harris April 2019.jpg
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Joe Sestak August 2019 (3) (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Tim Ryan by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Senatorica iz Kalifornije
(2017. – danas)
Vrhovna sutkinja Kalifornije
(2011. – 2017.)
Guverner Montane
(2013. – danas)
Vrhovni sudac Montane
(2009. – 2013.)
Zastupnik 7. kongresnog distrikta Pennsylvanije
(2007. – 2011.)
Bivši viceadmiral Ratne mornarice SAD-a
Gradonačelnik Miramara, Florida
(2015. – danas)
Zastupnik 16. kongresnog distrikta Teksasa
(2013. – 2019.)
Zastupnik 13. kongresnog distrikta Ohija
(2013. – danas)
Zastupnik 17. kongresnog distrikta Ohija
(2003. – 2013.)
Gradonačelnik New York Cityja, New York
(2014. – danas)
Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Nema slike.png Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Timryan2020.png Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje
P: 3. prosinca 2019.

(podržala Bidena i imenovana za potpredsjednicu)
844 glasova

P: 2. prosinca 2019.


549 glasova

P: 1. prosinca 2019.

(podržao Klobuchar)
5251 glasova

P: 19. studenog 2019.


0 glasova 3

P: 1. studenog 2019.

(podržao Bidena)
1 glas 3

P: 24. listopada 2019.

(podržao Bidena)
0 glasova 3

P: 20. rujna 2019.

(podržao Sandersa)
0 glasova 3

[51][52] [53][54] [55][56] [57][58] [59][60] [61][62] [63][64]
Kirsten Gillibrand Seth Moulton Jay Inslee John Hickenlooper Mike Gravel Eric Swalwell Richard Ojeda
Kirsten Gillibrand August 2019.jpg
Seth Moulton August 2019.jpg
Jay Inslee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Mike Gravel cropped.png
Eric Swalwell (48016282941) (cropped).jpg
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Senatorica iz New Yorka
(2009. – danas)
Zastupnica 20. kongresnog distrikta New Yorka
(2007. – 2009.)
Zastupnik 6. kongresnog distrikta Massachusettsa
(2015. – danas)
Guverner Washingtona
(2013. – danas)
Zastupnik 1. kongresnog distrikta Washingtona
(1999. – 2012.)
Zastupnik 4. kongresnog distrikta Washingtona
(1993. – 1995.)
Guverner Kolorada
(2011. – 2019.)
Gradonačelnik Denvera, Kolorado
(2003. – 2011.)
Senator iz Aljsake
(1969. – 1981.)
Zastupnik 15. kongresnog distrikta Kalifornije
(2013. – danas)
Senator iz Zapadne Virginije
(2016. – 2019.)
Gillibrand 2020 logo.png Seth Moulton 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Jay Inslee 2020 logo3.png John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg Nema slike.png
Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje Znak kampanje
P: 28. kolovoza 2019.

(podržala Bidena)
0 glasova 3

P: 23. kolovoza 2019.

(podržao Bidena)
0 glasova 3

P: 21. kolovoza 2019.

(podržao Bidena)
1 glas 3

P: 15. kolovoza 2019.

(podržao Benneta)
1 glas 3

P: 6. kolovoza 2019.

(podržao Gabbard i Sandersa, kasnije Howieja Hawkinsa)
0 glasova 3

P: 8. srpnja 2019.


0 glasova 3

P: 25. siječnja 2019.


0 glasova 3

[65][66] [67][68] [69][70] [71][72] [73][74] [75][76] [77][78]

Bilješke[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Izvori[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

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  41. Schwarz, Hunter (February 13, 2019). „Here's how 2020 Democrats announced their campaigns” (en-US). CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/02/03/politics/2020-dem-announcements/index.html. 
  42. Matthews, Dylan (February 11, 2020). „Andrew Yang suspends his 2020 presidential campaign” (en). https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2020/2/11/21067473/andrew-yang-drops-2020-presidential-election. 
  43. Delaney, John (July 28, 2017). „John Delaney: Why I'm running for president”. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/john-delaney-why-im-running-for-president/2017/07/28/02460ae4-73b7-11e7-8f39-eeb7d3a2d304_story.html. 
  44. Wang, Amy B (January 31, 2020). „John Delaney says he's dropping out of presidential race”. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/john-delaney-says-hes-dropping-out-of-presidential-race/2020/01/31/69187b22-41fe-11ea-b5fc-eefa848cde99_story.html. 
  45. Korecki, Natasha (February 1, 2019). „Cory Booker launches bid for president” (en-US). Politico. https://www.politico.com/story/2019/02/01/cory-booker-2020-announcement-1140797. 
  46. Buck, Rebecca (January 13, 2020). „Cory Booker ends 2020 presidential campaign”. https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/13/politics/cory-booker-ends-presidential-race/. 
  47. „Author Marianne Williamson Announces Presidential Candidacy”. January 29, 2019. https://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/local/Marianne-Williamson-Announces-Presidential-Candidacy-505014341.html. 
  48. Astor, Maggie (January 10, 2020). „Marianne Williamson Drops Out of 2020 Presidential Race”. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/10/us/politics/marianne-williamson-drops-out.html. 
  49. Weber, Paul J. (January 12, 2019). „Former Obama housing chief Julian Castro joins 2020 campaign” (en-US). Associated Press. https://apnews.com/c8cca001bcbf427189cace7af1de6722. 
  50. Medina, Jennifer; Stevens, Matt (January 2, 2020). „Julián Castro Ends Presidential Run: 'It Simply Isn't Our Time'” (en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/02/us/politics/julian-castro-dropping-out.html. 
  51. Kelsey, Adam (January 21, 2019). „Sen. Kamala Harris announces she will run for president in 2020”. ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/beta-story-container/Politics/sen-kamala-harris-announces-run-president-2020/story?id=60472358. 
  52. Cadelago, Christopher (December 3, 2019). „Kamala Harris drops out of presidential race”. Politico. https://www.politico.com/news/2019/12/03/kamala-harris-drops-out-out-of-presidential-race-074902. 
  53. GovernorBullock (May 14, 2019). „To give everyone a fair shot, we must do more than defeat Donald Trump. We have to defeat the corrupt system that keeps people like him in power, and we need a fighter who's done it before. That's why I'm running for President. Join our team: stevebullock.com” (tvit). https://twitter.com/GovernorBullock/status/1128238526330359808. 
  54. Weigel, David (December 2, 2019). „Montana Gov. Steve Bullock drops out of presidential race” (en). The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/montana-gov-steve-bullock-drops-out-of-presidential-race/2019/12/01/26c220ec-14a0-11ea-a659-7d69641c6ff7_story.html?tidr=a_breakingnews&hpid=hp_no-name_mhp-breaking-news%3Apage%2Fbreaking-news-bar. 
  55. Olson, Laura (June 23, 2019). „Former Pennsylvania Congressman Joe Sestak announces presidential bid”. The Morning Call. https://www.mcall.com/news/pennsylvania/capitol-ideas/mc-nws-pa-joe-sestak-announces-run-for-president-20190623-bmsevkhpizcyril3jbfclqhk7a-story.html. 
  56. Perano, Ursala (December 1, 2019). „Democrat Joe Sestak drops out of 2020 presidential race”. Axios. https://www.axios.com/joe-sestak-drops-out-2020-presidential-race-413ab22a-6132-4d5d-80a0-81a0b6655245.html. 
  57. Merica, Dan (March 28, 2019). „Florida Mayor Wayne Messam announces 2020 presidential bid”. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/03/28/politics/wayne-messam-announces-2020-bid/index.html. 
  58. Collins, Sean (November 20, 2019). „Wayne Messam, who called on Americans to #BeGreat, suspends his presidential bid”. Vox. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2019/11/20/20799135/wayne-messam-2020-presidential-primary-suspend-campaign. 
  59. Bradner, Eric; Santiago, Leyla (March 14, 2019). „Beto O'Rourke announces he's running for president in 2020”. https://us.cnn.com/2019/03/14/politics/beto-orourke-announces-2020-campaign/index.html. 
  60. „Democrat Beto O'Rourke ends presidential bid”. BBC. November 1, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-50268843. 
  61. Vitali, Ali (April 4, 2019). „Ohio Rep. Tim Ryan throws his name into growing 2020 field”. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2020-election/ohio-rep-tim-ryan-throws-his-name-growing-2020-field-n990841. 
  62. Merica, Dan (October 24, 2019). „Tim Ryan ends 2020 presidential campaign”. https://www.cnn.com/2019/10/24/politics/tim-ryan-ends-campaign/index.html. 
  63. Goldenberg, Sally (May 16, 2019). „New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio enters crowded Democratic 2020 field”. Politico. https://www.politico.com/story/2019/05/16/bill-de-blasio-2020-election-1328141. 
  64. Goldenberg, Sally; Forgey, Quint (September 20, 2019). „Bill de Blasio ends 2020 presidential campaign”. https://www.politico.com/story/2019/09/20/bill-de-blasio-ends-2020-presidential-campaign-1506011. 
  65. Stracqualursi, Veronica (March 17 2019). „Kirsten Gillibrand officially jumps into 2020 race, teases speech at Trump hotel in New York” (en). https://us.cnn.com/2019/03/17/politics/kirsten-gillibrand-presidential-campaign-2020/index.html. 
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  68. Allen, Jonathon (August 23, 2019). „Seth Moulton ends presidential campaign” (en). https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2020-election/seth-moulton-ends-presidential-campaign-n1045536. 
  69. Merica, Dan (March 1, 2019). „Washington Gov. Jay Inslee announces 2020 presidential bid”. https://www.cnn.com/2019/03/01/politics/inslee-2020-presidential-campaign/index.html. 
  70. Gregorian, Dareh (August 21, 2019). „Jay Inslee drops out of the 2020 presidential race”. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2020-election/jay-inslee-drops-out-2020-presidential-race-n1045066. 
  71. Panetta, Grace (March 4 2019). „Former Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper announces a run for president”. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/former-colorado-governor-john-hickenlooper-announces-run-for-president-2019-1?r=US&IR=T. 
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  76. Hudak, Zak (July 8, 2019). „Democrat Eric Swalwell drops out of presidential race”. CBS News. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/democrat-eric-swalwell-drops-out-of-presidential-race/. 
  77. Grim, Ryan (November 11, 2018). „Richard Ojeda, West Virginia Lawmaker Who Backed Teachers Strikes, Will Run for President”. The Intercept. https://theintercept.com/2018/11/11/richard-ojeda-2020-president/. 
  78. Grim, Ryan (January 25, 2019). „Richard Ojeda Drops Out of Presidential Race” (en-US). https://theintercept.com/2019/01/25/richard-ojeda-president-drops-out/. 
  79. Choi, Matthew (October 31, 2019). „Trump, a symbol of New York, is officially a Floridian now”. https://www.politico.com/news/2019/10/31/trump-florida-residence-063564. 

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