Ortomolekularna medicina

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Ortomolekularna medicina
Intervencija
MeSH D009974
Biološki baziranje alternative
i komplementarna terapija
- edit
NCCAM klasifikacije
  1. Alternativni medicinski sistemi
  2. Intervencije uma i tela
  3. Biološki bazirana terapija
  4. Manipulativne metode
  5. Energetska terapija
Vidi još

Orthomolecular medicine[1][2] je forma komplementarne i alternativne medicine koja teži ka održavanju zdravlja, i sprečavanju ili tretiranju bolesti putem optimizacije nutricionog unosa i/ili propisivanja suplemenata.[3][4] Ovaj pristup se ponekad naziva megavitaminska terapija,[1][2] jer je ova praksa evoluirala iz, i u nekim slučajevima još uvek koristi, doze vitamina i minerala koje su mnogo veće od preporučenog referentnog dijetarnog unosa. Ortomolekularni praktikanti mogu da inkorporiraju varijetet drugih tretmantskih modaliteta u svoje pristupe, među kojima su dijetarna restrikcija, megadoze nevitaminskih nutrijenata, i regularni lekovi.[1][5] Proponenti ovog pristupa veruju da nivoi pojedinih supstanci koji nisu optimalni mogu da uzrokuju zdravstvene probleme dalekosežnije od jednostavne deficijencije, i vide njihovo balansiranje kao integralni deo zdravlja.[6]

Termin „ortomolekularan“ je skovao Lajnus Poling. On znači „pravi molekuli u pravim količinama“" (orto je grčki termin za "pravi").[7] Fokus ortomolekularne medicine je na upotrebi neophodnih nutricionih molekula u odgovarajućim količinama za datu osobu. Proponenti[8] tvrde da su tretmani bazirani na individualnim biohemijama pacijenata.[9]

Kritičari opisuju neke aspekte ortomolekularne medicine kao prehrambenu modu ili nadrilekarstvo.[10][11][12] Postoje rezultati istraživanja koji sugeriraju da su pojedini nutricioni suplementi štetni,[13][14][15] pri čemu je nekoliko specifičnih vitaminskih terapija vezano za povećani rizik razvoja kancera, srčane bolesti, i smrti.[16][17][18]

Vidi još[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Saul AW; Hoffer A (2008). Orthomolecular Medicine For Everyone: Megavitamin Therapeutics for Families and Physicians. Laguna Beach, California: Basic Health Publications. ISBN 1-59120-226-4. OCLC 232131968. OL16944688M. 
  2. 2,0 2,1 McMichael AJ (January 1981). "Orthomolecular medicine and megavitamin therapy". Med. J. Aust. 1 (1): 6–8. PMID 7207301. 
  3. Hoffer A, Walker M (2000). Smart Nutrients. Avery. ISBN 0895295628. 
  4. Skinner Patricia (2004). "Gale encyclopedia of alternative medicine: holistic medicine". Thomson Gale. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2603/is_0000/ai_2603000096. 
  5. Braverman Eric Dr. (1979). "Orthomolecular Medicine and Megavitamin Therapy: Future and Philosophy" (PDF). Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine 8 (4): 265. 
  6. Trick or Treatment: The Undeniable Facts About Alternative Medicine. W. W. Norton & Company. 2008. str. 320. ISBN 0393066616. 
  7. Pauling L (April 1968). "Orthomolecular psychiatry. Varying the concentrations of substances normally present in the human body may control mental disease". Science 160 (3825): 265–71. Bibcode:1968Sci...160..265P. PMID 5641253. doi:10.1126/science.160.3825.265. 
  8. Baumel Syd (August 2000). Dealing with depression naturally : complementary and alternative therapies for restoring emotional health (2nd izd.). Los Angeles: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0658002910. OCLC 43641423. 
  9. Williams RJ (1998). Biochemical individuality: the basis for the genetotrophic concept (2nd izd.). New Canaan, Connecticut: Keats. ISBN 0879838930. OCLC 38239195. 
  10. Jarvis WT (1983). "Food faddism, cultism, and quackery". Annu Rev Nutr 3 (1): 35–52. PMID 6315036. doi:10.1146/annurev.nu.03.070183.000343. 
  11. Jukes TH (1990). "Nutrition science from vitamins to molecular biology". Annual Review of Nutrition 10 (1): 1–20. PMID 2200458. doi:10.1146/annurev.nu.10.070190.000245.  A short summary is in the journal's preface.
  12. Braganza SF, Ozuah PO (2005). "Fad therapies". Pediatrics in Review 26 (10): 371–376. PMID 16199591. doi:10.1542/pir.26-10-371. 
  13. "NIH state-of-the-science conference statement on multivitamin/mineral supplements and chronic disease prevention". NIH Consens State Sci Statements 23 (2): 1–30. 2006. PMID 17332802. 
  14. Huang HY, Caballero B, Chang S et al. (September 2006). "The efficacy and safety of multivitamin and mineral supplement use to prevent cancer and chronic disease in adults: a systematic review for a National Institutes of Health state-of-the-science conference". Ann Intern Med 145 (5): 372–85. PMID 16880453. doi:10.1001/archinte.145.2.372. 
  15. Bjelakovic G, Nikolova D, Gluud LL, Simonetti RG, Gluud C (2008). Bjelakovic, Goran, ed. "Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2): CD007176. PMID 18425980. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007176. 
  16. Satia JA, Littman A, Slatore CG, Galanko JA, White E (April 2009). "Long-term Use of β-Carotene, Retinol, Lycopene, and Lutein Supplements and Lung Cancer Risk: Results From the VITamins And Lifestyle (VITAL) Study". Am. J. Epidemiol. 169 (7): 815–28. PMC 2842198. PMID 19208726. doi:10.1093/aje/kwn409. 
  17. Brody, Jane (23. 3. 2009.). "Extra Vitamin E: No Benefit, Maybe Harm". New York Times. Pristupljeno 24. 3. 2009.. 
  18. "High dose vitamin E death warning". BBC. November 11, 2004. Pristupljeno 24. 3. 2009.. 

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Baumel Syd (August 2000). Dealing with depression naturally : complementary and alternative therapies for restoring emotional health (2nd izd.). Los Angeles: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0658002910. OCLC 43641423. 
  • Hoffer A, Walker M (2000). Smart Nutrients. Avery. ISBN 0895295628. 

Podrška[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Williams Roger John, Kalita Dwight K (1979). A Physician's handbook on orthomolecular medicine (Health science izd.). New Canaan, Connecticut: Keats Publishing. ISBN 0879831995. OCLC 6006241. 
  • Huemer Richard P, ur. (1986). The Roots of molecular medicine : a tribute to Linus Pauling. W. H. Freeman. str. 290pp. ISBN 0716717611. OCLC 13009998. "Based on a collection of papers presented at a symposium of the Orthomolecular Medical Society in San Francisco, May 7–8, 1983, with revisions and additional papers." 
  • Pauling Linus (1986). How to live longer and feel better. W. H. Freeman. str. 322pp. ISBN 0380702894. OCLC 12722295. 
  • Hoffer Abram, Walker Morton (1998). Putting it all together : the new othomolecular nutrition (Revised izd.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0879836334. OCLC 34515814. 
  • Hoffer Abram, with Pauling Linus (2004). Healing cancer : complementary vitamin & drug treatments. Toronto: Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine. ISBN 1897025114. OCLC 56682217. 
  • Moss Ralph W (2000). Antioxidants against cancer. Brooklyn: Equinox Press. ISBN 1881025284. OCLC 42786370. 
  • Pizzorno Joseph E Jr, Murray Michael T (November 2005). Textbook of natural medicine (Third izd.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. str. 2368. ISBN 0443073007. OCLC 61878655. 

Kritika[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Barrett Stephen (1980). The health robbers : how to protect your money and your life (Second izd.). Philadelphia: G. F. Stickley. str. 52. ISBN 0893130230. OCLC 6994138. 
  • Cassileth Barrie R (1998). Alternative medicine handbook: the complete reference guide to alternative and complementary therapies. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 0393045668. OCLC 36727947. 
  • Bender David A (2003). Nutritional biochemistry of the vitamins (Second izd.). Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. str. 230. ISBN 0521803888. OCLC 50948594. 
  • Gratzer Walter B (2005). Terrors of the table : the curious history of nutrition. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. str. 210. ISBN 0192806610. OCLC 60837725. 
  • Saul AW; Hoffer A (2008). Orthomolecular Medicine For Everyone: Megavitamin Therapeutics for Families and Physicians. Laguna Beach, California: Basic Health Publications. ISBN 1-59120-226-4. OCLC 232131968. OL16944688M. 
  • Trick or Treatment: The Undeniable Facts About Alternative Medicine. W. W. Norton & Company. 2008. str. 320. ISBN 0393066616. 

Spoljašnje veze[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]