Močvarice

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Močvarice
Limnodromus scolopaceus Mike Baird crop.jpg
dugokljuna šljukolika Limnodromus scolopaceus
Naučna klasifikacija
Carstvo: Animalia
Koljeno: Chordata
Razred: Aves
Red: Charadriiformes
Huxley, 1867.

Močvarice (lat. Charadriiformes) su red iz razreda ptica. To je red s vrlo različitim porodicama i rodovima. Postoji oko 350 vrsta.


Opis[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Ove su ptice malene do srednje veličine.

Hrane se beskralježnjacima ili drugim malenim životinjama. Mnogi rodovi imaju duge noge sa tri prsta, a često i sa pokretnim četvrtim. Obično se gnijezde na tlu, ali neke vrste grade gnijezda u stablima. Mladunci su im potrkušci koji mogu odmah sami tražiti hranu. Gotovo sve ove ptice su dugovječne, a nastanjuju močvarna područja i obale, a neke nastanjuju i pustinje i guste šume. Žive u cijelom svijetu.

Sistematika[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Ovaj red ptica ima veliki broj porodica koje su međusobno prilično različite:

Drugi projekti[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Commons-logo.svg U Wikimedijinoj ostavi ima još materijala vezanih za: Močvarice
Wikispecies-logo.svg Wikivrste imaju podatke o: Močvaricama

Galerija[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  • Bourdon, Estelle (2006): L'avifaune du Paléogène des phosphates du Maroc et du Togo: diversité, systématique et apports à la connaissance de la diversification des oiseaux modernes (Neornithes) ["Paleogene avifauna of phosphates of Morocco and Togo: diversity, systematics and contributions to the knowledge of the diversification of the Neornithes"]. Doctoral thesis, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle [in French]. HTML abstract
  • Ericson, Per G.P.; Envall, I.; Irestedt, M. & Norman, J.A. (2003): Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data. BMC Evol. Biol. 3: 16. DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-3-16 PDF fulltext
  • Fain, Matthew G. & Houde, Peter (2004): Parallel radiations in the primary clades of birds. Evolution 58(11): 2558-2573. DOI:10.1554/04-235 PMID 15612298 PDF fulltext
  • Gál, Erika; Hír, János; Kessler, Eugén & Kókay, József (1998–99): Középsõ-miocén õsmaradványok, a Mátraszõlõs, Rákóczi-kápolna alatti útbevágásból. I. A Mátraszõlõs 1. lelõhely [Middle Miocene fossils from the sections at the Rákóczi chapel at Mátraszőlős. Locality Mátraszõlõs I.]. Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis 23: 33-78. [Hungarian with English abstract] PDF fulltext
  • Klug, H., M. B. Bonsall, and S.H Alonzo. 2013. Sex differences in life history drive evolutionary transitions among maternal, paternal, and bi‐parental care. Ecology and Evolution. 3: 792–806.
  • Liker, A., R. P. Freckleton, and T. Székely. 2013. The evolution of sex roles in birds is related to adult sex ratio. Nature Communications. 4: 1587.
  • Owens, I.P. 2002. Male–only care and classical polyandry in birds: phylogeny, ecology and sex differences in remating opportunities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 357: 283-293.
  • Paton, Tara A. & Baker, Allan J. (2006): Sequences from 14 mitochondrial genes provide a well-supported phylogeny of the Charadriiform birds congruent with the nuclear RAG-1 tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(3): 657–667. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.011 PMID 16531074 (HTML abstract)
  • Paton, T.A.; Baker, A.J.; Groth, J.G. & Barrowclough, G.F. (2003): RAG-1 sequences resolve phylogenetic relationships within charadriiform birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29: 268-278. DOI:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00098-8 PMID 13678682 (HTML abstract)
  • Székely, T and J.D. Reynolds. 1995. Evolutionary transitions in parental care in shorebirds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 262: 57-64.
  • Thomas, G. H., T. Székely and J.D. Reynolds. 2007. Sexual conflict and the evolution of breeding systems in shorebirds. Advances in the Study of Behavior. 37: 279-342.
  • Thomas, Gavin H.; Wills, Matthew A. & Székely, Tamás (2004a): Phylogeny of shorebirds, gulls, and alcids (Aves: Charadrii) from the cytochrome-b gene: parsimony, Bayesian inference, minimum evolution, and quartet puzzling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30(3): 516-526. DOI:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00222-7 (HTML abstract)
  • Thomas, Gavin H.; Wills, Matthew A. & Székely, Tamás (2004): A supertree approach to shorebird phylogeny. BMC Evol. Biol. 4: 28. DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-4-28 PMID 15329156 PDF fulltext Supplementary Material
  • Tullberg, B. S., M. Ah–King and H. Temrin. 2002. Phylogenetic reconstruction of parental–care systems in the ancestors of birds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences. 357: 251-257.
  • van Tuinen, Marcel; Waterhouse, David & Dyke, Gareth J. (2004): Avian molecular systematics on the rebound: a fresh look at modern shorebird phylogenetic relationships. J. Avian Biol. 35(3): 191-194. DOI:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2004.03362.x PDF fulltext
  • Worthy, Trevor H.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Jones, C.; McNamara, J.A. & Douglas, B.J. (2007): Miocene waterfowl and other birds from central Otago, New Zealand. J. Syst. Palaeontol. 5(1): 1-39. DOI:10.1017/S1477201906001957 (HTML abstract)