Jayapala

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Jayapala Janjua Shahi ili, jednostavno, Jayapalla (? - 1001), bio je hinduski kralj i osnivač dinastije Hindushahi koja je vladala današnjim Afganistanom i sjeverozapadnim Pakistanom.[1] Oko godine 964. je naslijedio Brahman Shahi kralja Bhimadevu, a s njegovim dolaskom na prijestolje je počela Janjua Rajput faza Shahiya dinastija.[1] . Jayapala je smatrao da njegovom kraljevstvu prijeti opasnost od turskih muslimanskih vladara u Ghazni, te je to uporište napadao i pod vlašžćui Sebuk Tigina i pod vlašću njegovog sina sultana Mahmuda Gaznevija, čime su započele dugotrajne borbe Gaznavida i Hindušajija.[2] Sebuk Tigin je porazio i prisilio na plaćanje danka. [2] Nakon što je prestao plaćati danak, došlo je do sukoba u kome je poražen i u kome je izgubio zemlje od Kabula do doline Inda.[3] Godine 1001. je nastojao iskoristiti zauzetost Mahmuda sa napadom Karahanida, ali je poražen kod Pešavara. Tada se dao spaliti na lomači, držeći da je porazom obeščastio svoju dinastiju.[2]

Naslijedio ga je Anandapala.

Izvori[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. 1,0 1,1 Hussain Khan (2004), Chronicles of Early Janjuas, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-28096-X, http://books.google.com/?id=lDcMHW7shO4C, "... Jayapala, son of Asatapala, succeeded Bhimadeva in about 353/964. Jayapala was a scion of the Janjua (Rajput) dynasty ... Jayapala being Janjua (Rajput) was known as Hindu Shahi and had succeeded the former Brahman Hindu Shahi ..." 
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 P. M. Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, Bernard Lewis (1977), The Cambridge history of Islam, Cambridge University Press, p. 3, ISBN 0-521-29137-2, http://books.google.com/?id=5ccI0u5XDR0C, "... Jaypala of Waihind saw danger in the consolidation of the kingdom of Ghazna and decided to destroy it. He therefore invaded Ghazna, but was defeated ..." 
  3. Ferishta (Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah), History of the Rise of Mohammedan Power in India, Volume 1, p. Section 15, http://persian.packhum.org/persian/pf?file=06901021&ct=12, Pristupljeno 27. VI 2009, "... finding, by their reiterated invasions, that he was unlikely to enjoy tranquillity at home, he raised a great army, and brought together numerous elephants, with a design to attack them in their own country ..." 

Literatura[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]