Caracol

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Koordinate: 16°45′50.14″N 89°7′3.33″W / 16.7639278°N 89.1175917°W / 16.7639278; -89.1175917

Caracol ili El Caracol je naziv za veliko arheološko nalazište majanske civilizacije, smješteno u suvremenom Belizeu u distriktu Cayo. Nalazi se oko 40 km južno od Xunantunicha i grada San Ignacio Cayo, odnosno na 460 m nadmorske visine i padinama Majanskih planina. Caracol je bio najvažnije političko središte Ravničarskih Maja za vrijeme Klasičnog perioda u Belizeu. Oko godine 650. gradsko područje Caracola se prostiralo u radijusu od oko 10 km od središta. Pokrivalo je daleko veću površinu nego suvremeni Belize City (najveći grad u Belizeu) i imalo dva puta više stanovnika.[1]

Usprkos svoje veličine, Caracol je otkriven tek 1937. godine.

Napomene[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Izvori[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

Awe, Jaime; Cassandra Bill, Mark Campbell, and David Cheetham (1990). "Early Middle Formative Occupation in the Central Maya Lowlands: Recent Evidence from Cahal Pech, Belize" (PDF ONLINE REPRODUCTION). Papers from the Institute of Archaeology (London: University College London, Institute of Archaeology) 1: 1–5. ISSN 0965-9315. OCLC 231692266. 
Beetz, Carl P.; and Linton Satterthwaite (1981). The Monuments and Inscriptions of Caracol, Belize. University Museum monographs, no. 45. Philadelphia: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. ISBN 0-934718-41-5. OCLC 60071978. 
Chase, Diane Z.; and Arlen F. Chase (1996). "Changing Perspectives on Caracol, Belize: Long-Term Archaeological Research and the Northeast Sector Settlement Program". u: Juan Luis Bonor (ed.) (online publication of presented paper). Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the Maya. 1st International Symposium of Maya Archaeology, San Ignacio, Cayo, Belize May 29 - June 2, 1995. Belmopan: Department of Archaeology. http://www.caracol.org/reports/northeast_settlement.php. 
Kelly, Joyce (1996). An Archaeological Guide to Northern Central America: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2858-5. OCLC 34658843. 
Schele, Linda; and David Freidel (1990). A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya (Reprint izd.). New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-688-11204-8. OCLC 145324300. 
Sharer, Robert J. (1994). The Ancient Maya (5th, fully revised izd.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-2130-0. OCLC 28067148. 

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