Albanski nacionalizam

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Albanski nacionalizam je grupa nacionalističkih ideja i koncepata među Albancima koji su formirani u 19. veku tokom prioda koji se naziva Albanski narodni preporod. Termin je takođe asocijacija na slične koncepte poput Albanizma[1][2][3][4][5] i Pan-Albanizam,[6][7] i ideje koje vode formiranju Velike Albanije.

Delovi ovih ideologija su prihvaćeni tokom postojanja socijalističke Narodne Republike Albanije (1945-1991), koja je više bila fokusirana na kontinuitet ilirsko-albanske ideje[8] i preuzimanje istorije Antičkih Grka kao istorije Albanije.[8] Tokom ere Envera Hodže, istoričari i arheolozi su korišćeni kako bi se pronašla veza između Ilira i Albanaca.[8] Međutim, osnovne vrednosti Albanskog narodnog preporoda ostale su i danas, dok je ideologija razvijena u socijalističkoj Albaniji delimično prisutna[9]) i u Albaniji i na Kosovu.[8]

Albanski nacionalizam pridaje veliku važnost mogućnosti ilirskog prisustva u albanskoj etnogenezi. U 19. veku Albanci su imali ideje da su potomci Pelazga[10][11] i Etruraca,[12] Ilira, antičkih Makedonaca, i Epiraca koji imaju pelazgijsko poreklo. Ove ideje obrazuju nacionalnoi mit kojim se omogućava stvaranje nezavisnosti i samoodređivanja, kao i iridentističkih pokreta.[13][14][15][16]

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Reference[uredi - уреди | uredi izvor]

  1. The Crescent and the Eagle: Ottoman Rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874-1913 (Library of Ottoman Studies) by George Gawrych, 2006, page 20: "... dynamic that would remain essential for understanding the development of Albanianism."
  2. Kosovo: War and Revenge by Mr. Tim Judah and Tim Judah, 2002, page 12, the religion of Albanians is Albanianism
  3. The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World by Joel Krieger, 2001, page 475: "... frequently then and since, "The religion of the Albanians is Albanianism.
  4. One World Divisible: A Global History Since 1945 (The Global Century Series) by David Reynolds, 2001, page 233: "... the country." Henceforth, Hoxha announced, the only religion would be "Albanianism. ..."
  5. Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers, Bernd Jürgen Fischer, Albanian Identities: Myth and History, Indiana University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-253-34189-1, page 92 & (100)-(102)-(132)
  6. The Balkans: A Post-Communist History by Bideleux/Jeffri, 2006, page 423, "... form a 'Greater Albania'. Although considerable attention was given to pan-Albanianism in the West"
  7. Pan-Albanianism: How Big a Threat to Balkan Stability (Central and Eastern European) by Miranda Vickers, 2004, ISBN 1-904423-68-X
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 8,3 The practice of Archaeology under dictatorship, Michael L. Galary & Charles Watkinson, Chapter 1, page 8-17,2
  9. The practice of Archaeology under dictatorship, Michael L. Galary & Charles Watkinson, Chapter 1, page 8-17,2.
  10. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 2009, Gilles de Rapper, "by identifying with Pelasgians, Albanians could claim that they were present in their Balkan homeland not only before the "barbarian" invaders of late Roman times (such as the Slavs), not only before the Romans themselves, but also, even more importantly, before the Greeks‟ (Malcolm 2002: 76-77)."
  11. Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible by Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, and Pieter Willem Van Der Horst, 1999, page 537, "Pelasgians, the mythical predecessors of Greek civilisation".
  12. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 2009, Gilles de Rapper
  13. Communism and the Emergence of Democracy by Harald Wydra, 2007, ISBN 0-521-85169-6, page 230, "Albanians tended to go further back in time to the sixth and seventh centuries, claiming an Illyrian- Albanian continuity and superiority over Slavic people. ..."
  14. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 2009, Gilles de Rapper, "by identifying with Pelasgians, Albanians could claim that they were present in their Balkan homeland not only before the "barbarian" invaders of late Roman times (such as the Slavs), not only before the Romans themselves, but also, even more importantly, before the Greeks‟ (Malcolm 2002: 76-77)."
  15. The Balkans - a post-communist history by Robert Bideleux & Ian Jeffries, Routledge, 2007, ISBN 0-415-22962-6, page 513
  16. Kosovo: what everyone needs to know by Tim Judah, ISBN 0-19-537673-0, 2008, page 31