Zirjab

Izvor: Wikipedia

Abu l-Hasan ‘Ali Ibn Nafi‘ (perzijski i arapski: أبو الحسن علي ابن نافع; kurdski: ئه‌بو ئه‌لحه‌سه‌ن عه‌لی إبن نافع) (cca. 789857), nadimak Ziryab (perzijski jezik: Zaryâb, kurdski: زۆراو Zorab), bio je crni afrički[1][2][3][4][5] ili perzijski[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] ili kurdski[15][16][17] polimat - pjesnik, muzičar, pjevač, kemičar, kozmetolog, modni dizajner, trendseter, strateg, astronom, botaničar i geograf.[14][18] Bio je aktivan na omejadskom dvoru u Córdobi u islamskoj Iberiji. Prije toga je stekao negatuvnu reputaciju na abasidskom dvoru u Bagdadu gdje se bio istakao kao učenik velikog kompozitora i muzičara Ishaq al-Mawsilija.

Ziryab je morao napustiti Bagdad kada su mu vještine nadigle njegovog učitelja. U Cordobi mu je glavni pokrovitelj bio Abd al-Rahman II (822-52).

Izvori[uredi - уреди]

  1. Van Sertima, Ivan (1992). Golden age of the Moor, Volume 11. Transaction Publishers. str. 267. ISBN 9781560005810. http://books.google.com/books?id=gAC81Tsh2bwC&pg=PA267. 
  2. Salaam/ Ma Salaam, Muhammad Ali. A Black Man's Journey in America: Glimpses of Islam, Conversations and Travels. Xlibris Corporation. str. 72. ISBN 9781462873999. http://books.google.com/books?id=ORvvTIt9nWYC&pg=PA72. 
  3. Jayyusi, Marín, Salma Khadra, Manuela (1992). Handbuch der Orientalistik: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten. The legacy of Muslim Spain, Part 1, Volume 12. BRILL. str. 709. ISBN 9789004095991. http://books.google.com/books?id=cbfORLWv1HkC&pg=PA709. 
  4. Abu-Bakr, Mohammed (1993). Islam's black legacy: some leading figures. Purple Dawn Books. str. 23. ISBN 9781882250080. http://books.google.com/books?id=n49ZAAAAYAAJ. 
  5. Drake, St. Clair (1990). Black folk here and there: an essay in history and anthropology, Volume 2. Center for Afro-American Studies, University of California. str. 123. ISBN 9780934934305. http://books.google.com/books?id=yN0YAAAAYAAJ. 
  6. A Literary History of the Arabs. Reynold Alleyne Nicholson. p.418
  7. Persian and Turkish Loan-words in Malay. Muhammad Abdul Jabbar Beg. 1982. p.80
  8. Hispano Arabic Poetry: A Student Anthology. James T. Monroe. Gorgias Press. 2004. p.7
  9. Colors of Enchantment: Theater, Dance, Music, and the Visual Arts of the Middle East. Sherifa Zuhur. 2001. p.324
  10. The Holy Sword: The Story of Islam from Muhammad to the Present. Robert Payne. 1961. p.186
  11. Aspects of Jewish Culture in the Middle Ages. Paul Edward Szarmach. 1979. p.55
  12. The Story of the Moors in Spain. Stanley Lane-Poole, Arthur Gilman. p.81
  13. Shojaedin Shafa (شجاع الدین شفا) in his book Iran and Spain (ایران و اسپانیا) goes into detail about the fallacy of claims of Ziryab's "Arab origins". His argument can be found on p.325-340 of his book. Farzad publications 2005 (نشر فرزاد). A copy of the book is located at the Perry-Castañeda Library at DS274 S523
  14. 14.0 14.1 Andalusian Feast
  15. Ana Ruiz, page 53, Vibrant Andalusia: Moorish Culture in Southern Spain, Published 2007, Algora Publishing, ISBN 0875865399
  16. Cello - Los Kurdos - Transoxiana 2
  17. La Orden Sufi Nematollahi / Sufismo
  18. van Sertima, Ivan (1985), African Presence in Early Europe, Transaction Publishers, ISBN 0887386644 

Literatura[uredi - уреди]