Pseudohistorija

Izvor: Wikipedia

Pseudohistorija je naziv za vrstu istorijskog revizionizma koja često iznosi senzacionalističke stavove i zahteve čije bi ispunjavanje podrazumevalo reviziju i ponovno pisanje značajnog dela većinski prihvaćene istorije, a bazira se na metodologiji koja se značajno razlikuje od standardnih istoriografskih metoda.

Sadržaj/Садржај

Definicija[uredi - уреди]

Pseudoistorija se može uporediti sa pseudonaukom po tome što obe dele metodologiju, verovanja i prakse za koje se tvrde da su naučne, ali ne prate odgovarajuće naučne i istorijske metodologije i nedostaju im dokazi ili su oni neubedljivi.

Prema piscima Majklu Šermeru i Aleksu Grobmanu, pseudoistiroja je „ponovno pisanje prošlosti za sadašnje lične ili političke svrhe“.[1]

Filozof Robert Tod Karol je predložio sledeće kriterijume za neku temu koji bi je označili pseudostorijom:

  • rad nekritički prihvata mitove i anegdotske dokaze bez skepticizma
  • rad ima političku, versku ili drugu ideološku agendu
  • rad nije objavljen u akademskim krugovima i nije adekvatno recenziran.
  • dokazi za ključne činjenice su selektivni i slave ili ignorišu protivrečne tvrdnje
  • rad pretpostavlja da je mogućost da je nešto istina dovoljno da to bude istina
  • rad se oslanja na jednu ili više teorija zavere onda kada bi princip Okamove oštrice preporučio prostije i verovatnije objašnjenje neke činjenice.[2]

Primeri[uredi - уреди]

Reference[uredi - уреди]

  1. Michael Shermer, Alex Grobman. Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It?, University of California Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-520-26098-6, p.2
  2. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, The Occult Roots of Nazism, page 225 (Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 2005 edition). ISBN 1-86064-973-8Šablon:Please check ISBN
  3. Fritze, Ronald H,. (2009). Invented knowledge: false history, fake science and pseudo-religions. Reaktion Books. str. 169. ISBN 978-1-86189-430-4. 
  4. Novikov, S. P. (2000). "Pseudohistory and pseudomathematics: fantasy in our life". Russian Mathematical Surveys 55. 
  5. Fritze, Ronald H,. (2009). Invented knowledge: false history, fake science and pseudo-religions. Reaktion Books. p. 11.ISBN 978-1-86189-430-4.
  6. Laura Miller (2006). Dan Burstein. ur. Secrets of the Code. Vanguard Press. str. 405. ISBN 978-1-59315-273-4. 
  7. Specter, Arlen (Spring 1995). "Defending the wall: Maintaining church/state separation in America". Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 18 (2): 575–590. 
  8. House Passes, Considers Evangelical Resolutions, Baltimore Chronicle
  9. David Barton - Propaganda Masquerading as History, People for the American Way
  10. Boston Theological Institute Newsletter Volume XXXIV, No. 17, Richard V. Pierard, January 25, 2005
  11. Dietz, Robert S. "Ark-Eology: A Frightening Example of Pseudo-Science" in Geotimes 38:9 (Sept. 1993) p. 4.
  12. Sherwin, Elisabeth. "Clarence Walker encourages black Americans to discard Afrocentrism". Davis Community Network. http://dcn.davis.ca.us/~gizmo/2001/clarence.html. pristupljeno 13. 11. 2007.. 
  13. Script error
  14. Nanda, Meera (January - March, 2005). "Response to my critics" (PDF). Social Epistemology 19 (1): 147–191. doi:10.1080/02691720500084358.  Sokal, Alan (2006). "Pseudoscience and Postmodernism: Antagonists or Fellow-Travelers?". u: Fagan, Garrett. Archaeolological Fantasies: How pseudoarchaeology misrepresents the past and misleads the public. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-30592-6 
  15. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. 1985. The Occult Roots of Nazism: Secret Aryan Cults and Their Influence on Nazi Ideology: The Ariosophists of Austria and Germany, 1890–1935. Wellingborough, England: The Aquarian Press. ISBN 0-85030-402-4. (Several reprints.) Expanded with a new Preface, 2004, I.B. Tauris & Co. ISBN 1-86064-973-4
  16. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Holocaust Encyclopedia "Protocols of the Elders of Zion", last updated 4 May 2009.
  17. Deborah E. Lipstadt, Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory, Plume, 1994, Page 215, ISBN 0-452-27274-2
  18. Fritze, Ronald H,. (2009). Invented knowledge: false history, fake science and pseudo-religions. Reaktion Books. p. 11.ISBN 978-1-86189-430-4.
  19. Fritze, Ronald H,. (2009). Invented knowledge: false history, fake science and pseudo-religions. Reaktion Books. p. 201. ISBN 978-1-86189-430-4.
  20. Merriman, Nick, editor, Public Archaeology, Routledge, 2004 page 260
  21. Tonkin, S., 2003, Uriel's Machine – a Commentary on some of the Astronomical Assertions.

Vidi još[uredi - уреди]