Narodi sa mora

Izvor: Wikipedia
Morski narodi (nȝ ḫȝt.w n pȝ ym)
na hijeroglifima
N35
G1
N25
X1 Z1 Z1 Z1
N35
G40
M17 M17 Aa15
D36
N35A N36
N21

Morski narodi je izraz koji se koristi za konfederaciju pomorskih pljačkaša koji su plovili duž istočnih obala Mediterana, izazivali političku nestabilnost te pokušali opljačkati ili osvojiti egipatsku teritoriju pred kraj 19. dinastija, a posebno u osmoj godini vladavine faraona Ramzesa III iz 20. dinastije.[1] Egipatski faraon Merneptah ih izričito navodi kao "strane zemlje (ili 'narode'[2]) zemlja" (egipatski nȝ ḫȝt.w n pȝ ym[3][4]) u svom Velikom zapisu Karnaka.[5] Iako neki naučnici vjeruju da su "napali" Cipar, Hatti i Levant, ta je hipoteza predmet rasprave.[6]

Fusnote[uredi - уреди]

  1. Tablica morskih naroda ispisanih hijeroglifima i njihove transliteracije se mogu naći u doktorskoj dizertaciji Woodhuizena, 2006, koja se temelji na Kitchenovim nradovima
  2. Gardiner V.1 p.196, ostali tekstovi
    N25
    X1 Z4
    ḫȝty.w "strani-narodi"; oba izraza se mogu koristiti za koncept "stranaca". Zangger spominje stav kako "morski narodi" nisu ispravan naziv, nego akademska inovacija. Dizertacija Woudhuizen i rad Morrisa navode Gastona Maspera koji je prvi koristio izraz "peuples de la mer" godine 1881.
  3. Gardiner V.1 p.196.
  4. Manassa p.55.
  5. Linija 52. Zapis je opisan u Manassa p.55 plate 12.
  6. Several articles in Oren.

Bibliografija[uredi - уреди]

  • Beckerath, Jürgen von (1997). Chronologie des Pharaonischen Ägypten. Mainz.  Mainz.
  • Beckman, Gary, "Hittite Chronology", Akkadica, 119/120 (2000).
  • Breasted, J.H. (1906). Ancient Records of Egypt: historical documents from the earliest times to the persian conquest. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.  Volume II on the 19th Dynasty is available for download from Google Books.
  • Bryce, Trevor (1998). The Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199240104. 
  • Chadwick, John (1976). The Mycenaean World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 21077 1. 
  • Dothan, Trude & Moshe (1992). People of the Sea: The search for the Philistines. New York: Scribner. 
  • Dothan, Trude K. (1982). The Philistines and Their Material Culture. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society. 
  • Robert Drews (1995). The End of the Bronze Age: Changes in Warfare and the Catastrophe of ca. 1200 B.C.. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691048118.  Parts of this book are displayed as a Google Books review.
  • Finley, M.I. (1981). Early Greece:The Bronze and Archaic Ages:New and Revised Edition. New York, London: W.W. Norton & Co.. ISBN 0-393-01569-6. 
  • Gardiner, Alan H. (1947). Ancient Egyptian Onomastica. London: Oxford University Press.  3 vols.
  • Grant, Michael (1969). The Ancient Mediterranean. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  • Grimal, Nicolas (1992). A History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Blackwell. 
  • Holst, Sanford (2005). Phoenicians, Lebanon's Epic Heritage. Los Angeles: Cambridge & Boston Press. 
  • Hasel, Michael G. (1998). Domination and Resistance: Egyptian Military Activity in the Southern Levant, ca. 1300-1185 B.C.. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 9004100415. 
  • Kitchen, K.A. (2003). On the Reliability of the Old Testament. William B. Eerdsman Publishing Co. 
  • Manassa, Colleen (2003). The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the Thirteenth Century BC. New Haven: Yale Egyptological Seminar, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Yale University. ISBN 0-9740025-0-X. 
  • Mazar, Amihai (1992). Archaeology of the Land of the Bible: 10,000-586 B.C.E.. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-42590-2. 
  • Oren, Eliezer D. (ed.) (2000). The Sea Peoples and Their World: A Reassessment. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. 
  • Redford, Donald B. (1992). Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-03606-3. 
  • Sandars, N.K. (1987). The Sea Peoples: Warriors of the ancient Mediterranean, Revised Edition. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-27387-1. 
  • Vermeule, Emily (1964). Greece in the Bronze Age. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. 
  • Wood, Michael (1987). In Search of the Trojan War. New American Library. ISBN 0-452-25960-6. 
  • Woudhuizen, Frederik Christiaan (1992). The Language of the Sea Peoples. Amsterdam: Najade Press. ISBN 90-73835-02-X. 
  • Woudhuizen, Frederik Christiaan. April 2006. The Ethnicity of the Sea Peoples. Doctoral dissertation; Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Faculteit der Wijsbegeerte.
  • Zangger, Eberhard (2001). The Future of the Past: Archaeology in the 21st Century. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-64389-4. 

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