Himiko (kraljica)

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Disambig.svg Za ostala značenja v. Himiko (kraljica) (razvrstavanje).

Himiko ili Pimiko (卑弥呼, u. cca. 248) je bila opskurna šamanska kraljica Yamataikokua u drevnoj japanskoj državi Wa (Japan). Rane kineske dinastije historije bilježe kako je kraljica Himiko plaćala danak Kraljevstvu Cao Wei (220-265), te da ju je narod u doba Yayoi izabrao za vladaricu nakon decenija sukoba među vladarima Wa. Rane kineske historije ne spominju Himiko, ali je historičari povezuju sa legendarnim ličnostima kao carskom suprugom Jingū, koja je bila regent (cca. 200-269 ) otprilike u isto doba kao i Himiko. Naučne debate oko identiteta Himiko i položaja njene domene (Yamatai) traju od kraja perioda Edo, s time da je glavna podjela na one koji prednost daju sjevernom Kyūshūu ili provinciji Yamato u današnjem Kinki. "Kontoverza Yamatai" je prema riječima Keiji Imamure"najveća debata vezana uz drevnu historiju Japana."

Literatura[uredi - уреди]

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Eksterni linkovi[uredi - уреди]